federation


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federation:

see federal governmentfederal government
or federation,
government of a union of states in which sovereignty is divided between a central authority and component state authorities. A federation differs from a confederation in that the central power acts directly upon individuals as well as
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.

Federation

 

a state system in which a single sovereign state is composed of several united states, each of which juridically maintains a certain degree of political independence. Historically, the first bourgeois federation was the USA, established by the Constitution of 1787. Other federations include the Federal Republic of Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Canada, Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Venezuela, India, Pakistan, Burma, Malaysia, Australia, and Nigeria. The USSR, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic are socialist federations.

A federation is marked by the following features: (1) territorial extent, a federation is coextensive with the area occupied by its individual members—its states, cantons, Lander, union republics, or other territorial units; (2) the member states of a federation usually have the right to adopt their own constitution; (3) the limits between federal and state jurisdiction are set forth in the federal constitution; (4) each member state of a federation has its own laws and judicial system; and (5) in most federations, a person is simultaneously a citizen of the union and a citizen of one of its united states. Some federations have a bicameral system in which one chamber represents the interests of the federation’s member states.

Socialist federations, which differ radically from bourgeois federations, are based on another principle entirely. In the USSR and in the socialist countries, for the first time in history the state system of federation has become the basis for resolving the national question. The socialist federations are based on the principle of national territoriality and the voluntary union of the sovereign and equal members of the federation, each member having the right to secede from the federation. The development and organization of national states have been influenced by the historical experience of the socialist countries, and particularly of the USSR; this influence is evident in some countries, such as Burma and India, that were freed from colonial dependence and that formed a type of federation consistent with their national makeup.

federation

1. the union of several provinces, states, etc., to form a federal union
2. a political unit formed in such a way
3. any league, alliance, or confederacy
www.nga.gov.au/federation
References in periodicals archive ?
Beginning in the early 1980s the coffee federation initiated a marketing strategy that would encourage roasters to stop blending coffee beans from other countries with Colombian beans.
The federation has temporarily moved to another location in al-Waziriya area, the source explained, adding that the international relations department has also been transferred to the new headquarter.
Contact The Federation of Bakers Press Office on tel: 020 7808 9749 or visit www.bakersfederation.org.uk
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The representatives of National Sports Federations presented plan for preparation and participation in both the events.
He emphasised the federation's determination to spare no effort in making the championship a success.
He said that two members of the Athletics Federation of Pakistan were elected during the 23rd AAA Congress, held in Doha.
Azerbaijan Athletics Federation was elected as a member of European Association of Athletics Federation at the request of AAF on International Association of Athletics Federations Congress in Seville, Spain in 1999.
The day of mourning is marked by the obligatory placing of the flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina at half-mast on buildings of the Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and institutions of the Federation of BiH.
The federations of football, tennis and kabaddi were given Rs2.5 million each while the Pakistan Squash Federation received Rs1.5 million.

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