Federico Fellini

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Federico Fellini
BirthplaceRimini, Kingdom of Italy
Film director and scriptwriter

Fellini, Federico

(fādārē`kō fāl-lē`nē), 1920–93, Italian film director. After World War II he wrote screenplays for such neorealistic films as RosselliniRossellini, Roberto
, 1906–77, Italian film director and producer. He first received international attention in 1946 with Open City, which was made clandestinely during the Fascist period and became the key film of the neorealist movement.
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's Open City and Paisan. He began directing in 1950 and quickly abandoned neorealism in favor of professional actors and scripted tales of almost fablelike simplicity that express a basically humanistic outlook.

He enjoyed international acclaim with I Vitelloni (1953), La Strada (1954; Academy Award), Nights of Cabiria (1957; Academy Award), La Dolce Vita (1960), and 8 1-2 (1963; Academy Award), the latter two widely considered his black-and-white masterpieces. Filmed in color beginning with Juliet of the Spirits (1965), his movies became a celebration of life in all its beauties and grotesqueries while also exploring Fellini's wildly imaginative dream life. These later works, including Fellini Satyricon (1969), Amarcord (1973; Academy Award), City of Women (1980), Ginger and Fred (1984), and Voices of the Moon (1990), feature international casts of distinctive faces and camera gymnastics that substitute for traditional drama.


See his tape-recorded autobiography (with C. Chandler) I, Fellini (1995); his Three Screenplays (tr. 1970); his The Book of Dreams (tr. 2008); biography by H. Alpert (1986, repr. 1998); study by G. Salachas (tr. 1969); Fellini: I'm a Born Liar (documentary film dir. by D. Pettigrew, 2002).

Fellini, Federico


Born Jan. 20, 1920, in Rimini. Italian motion-picture director and screenwriter.

Fellini has been working in motion pictures since 1942. At first he wrote stories and screenplays. Subsequently he assisted in the production of the neorealist film Open City (1945) and other films. His first work as a director came with the films The White Sheik (1952) and IVitelloni (1953), for which he wrote the stories and collaborated on the screenplays. La Strada (1954) brought worldwide recognition to Fellini and G. Masina, who starred in the film. La Strada, a film with a moral, vividly communicates a central theme in Fellini’s work—the alienation of people in a bourgeois society.

The Nights of Cabiria (1956) and subsequent films are emotionally powerful works that reflect the contrasts of contemporary Western society and explore human psychology in a profound and subtle way. At the same time, irrational, religious strains and a tendency toward universal forgiveness occasionally come through in several of Fellini’s films. Sometimes his films are formally complex and stylized and are dominated by an abstract approach to reality.

Fellini’s most socially perceptive film is La Dolce Vita (1959). His other films include 8Vi (1962), which received the grand prize at the Third International Moscow Film Festival; Juliet of the Spirits (1965); Satyricon (1969), based on the novel by Petronius; The Clowns (1970), a television film; and Roma (1972).

In 1974, Fellini made the film Amarcord, based on a novella he wrote with T. Guerra; the autobiographical elements characteristic of Fellini’s work are especially pronounced in this work. With Amarcord, Fellini’s work assumed a clear-cut political stance, using satire to mercilessly expose the cruelty and demagogic propaganda of Italian Fascism.

Fellini’s motion pictures have won prizes at many international festivals.


“Amarkord.” Iskusstvo kino, 1976, nos. 3–4. (With T. Guerra.)


Federico Fellini: Stat’i, Interv’iu, Retsenzii, Vospominaniia. Moscow, 1968. (Translated from Italian.)


References in periodicals archive ?
For now suffice it to mention, in addition to his books on Machiavelli and Guicciardini mentioned above, Italian Cinema: From Neoreaiism to the Present (New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co, 1983, 440 pp.--which was awarded the President's Award in 1984 from the American Association of Italian Studies); The Eternal City: Roman Images in the Modern World (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1987, 286 pp.--the Winter 1987 Selection of the History Book Club which was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize); The Cinema of Federico Fellini (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992.
Jennifer Bardi quotes Federico Fellini as saying, "Trust your instincts; then your mistakes will be your own.
In previous years, awards have been given to Federico Fellini, Werner Herzog, Samuel Beckett, Ingmar Bergman, Harold Pinter and other entertainment greats.
Tony and revival Tony awards notwithstanding, "Nine" does not do full justice to the complex if self-centered dynamo at the heart of the 1963 Federico Fellini film, "8-1/2." Smith has the right charisma and a booming voice that delivers "Guido's Song" and other solo pieces with great authority, but the so-so Arthur Kopit book does not capture the full tapestry of cross purposes that is Contini.
The 2010 Rome Film Festival will also mark the 50th anniversary of director Federico Fellini's La Dolce Vita with a special screening of the restored classic.
Trajan's Market, a large complex of ruins overlooking the Roman forum in the city center, hosts on its walls pictures of Italian icons like filmmaker Federico Fellini, sitting at the dinner table with actor Anthony Quinn and his wife Giulietta Masina, or foreign stars like Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall on a runway at Rome's airport.
The movie features a script by Federico Fellini and stars Aldo Fabrizi and Anna Magnani.
Based on the Broadway musical, Daniel Day-Lewis is Italian director Guido (based on Federico Fellini) who, suffering a crisis of confidence, walks away from his film in the face of competing demands of his wife (Marion mistress Penlope Cruz), leading lady (Nicole Kidman) and mother (Sophia Loren).
The stage show takes inspiration from Federico Fellini's 81/2, and follows film director Guido Contini (Daniel Day Lewis) as he suffers a crisis of confidence a little over a week before he is due to start shooting his new film.
Famed director Federico Fellini (1920-1993) spent hours at a time in his studios recording, mixing, and editing music, voices, and numerous sound effects for his films, but his cinematic sound techniques have largely been ignored by researchers and biographers.