Fedor Andreevich Matisen

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Matisen, Fedor Andreevich

 

Born May 20 (June 1), 1872, in St. Petersburg; died Dec. 19, 1921, in Irkutsk. Russian military hydrographer and traveler.

In 1897, Matisen graduated from the Naval Cadet Corps. He was a member of the Spitzbergen degree expedition of 1899 and the polar expedition of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1900-03. In the latter expedition he was captain and commander of the yacht Zaria (1902-03; after the death of E. V. Toll’ he was head of the expedition). Matisen was one of the organizers of a hydrographic expedition to study the Arctic Ocean (1910-15). He organized and led the first Soviet hydrographic expedition to the mouths of the Lena and Olenek. Matisen investigated Tiksi Bay and proved its suitability for the construction of a seaport. The strait between Vil’kitskii, Taimyr, and Nansen islands on the north coast of the Taimyr Peninsula is named after Matisen.

WORKS

“Kratkii obzor plavaniia iakhty Russkoi poliarnoi ekspeditsii ’Zaria’ v navigatsiiu 1901 g.” Izv. AN, 1902, vol. 16, no. 5.
Ekspeditsiia k ust’iu r. Leny v sviazi s ispol’zovaniem Severnogo morskogo putl Irkutsk, 1921.

REFERENCES

Toll’, E. V. Plavanie na iakhte “Zaria.” Moscow, 1959. (Translated from German.)
“F. A. Matisen (1872-1921).” In Materialy ekspeditsii k ust’iam rek Leny i Oleneka pod nachal’stvom F. A. Matisena v 1920 g. i N. I. Evgenova v 1921 g. Leningrad, 1929. (Trudy Komissii po izucheniiu Iakutskoi ASSR, vol. 3, part 1.)

A. V. MEL’NIKOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.