Fedorov, Aleksei

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fedorov, Aleksei Fedorovich


Born Mar. 17 (30), 1901, in the village of Lotsmanskaia Kamenka, in what is now Oktiabr’skii Raion in the city of Dnepropetrovsk. Soviet state and party figure. One of the organizers of the partisan movement during the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45; twice Hero of the Soviet Union (May 18, 1942, and Jan. 4, 1944); major general (1943). Member of the CPSU since 1927.

The son of a peasant, Fedorov joined the Red Army in 1920. In 1924 he became a railroad construction worker. After graduating from the Chernigov Construction Technicum in 1932, Fedorov held trade union and party positions. In 1938 he became first secretary of the Chernigov oblast committee of the Communist Party (Bolshevik) of the Ukraine. He became first secretary of the Chernigov underground oblast committee of the CP(B) of the Ukraine in September 1941 and also first secretary of the Volyn’ underground oblast committee in March 1943. At the same time, he served as commander of the Chernigov-Volyn’ Partisan Unit, which operated in the Ukraine, in Byelorussia, and in Briansk and Orlov oblasts of the RSFSR.

From 1944 to 1949, Fedorov was first secretary of the Kherson oblast committee of the Communist Party of the Ukraine. He became first secretary of the Izmail oblast committee in 1950 and of the Zhitomir oblast committee in 1952. In 1957 he was appointed minister of social security of the Ukrainian SSR. Fedorov became a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Ukraine in 1938. He was a deputy to the first through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

Fedorov has been awarded six Orders of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution, three other orders, and various medals. He is the author of The Underground Oblast Committee Is Operating (books 1–2, 1949) and The Last Winter (1965).


Sovetskie partizany. Moscow, 1961.
Bychkov, L. N. Partizanskoe dvizhenie v gody Velikoi Otechestvennoi voiny, 1941–1945. Moscow, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.