Feed Grain


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Feed Grain

 

the grain of cereal and leguminous crops, used as fodder for farm animals. Feed grains belong to the group of concentrated feeds, since they contain a very high amount of easily digestible nutritive substances per unit volume as compared to other feeds. The grain of cereals contains up to 75 percent carbohydrates, 10-12 percent protein, 2-5 percent fat, and 1-4 percent inorganic substances (mainly salts of phosphoric acid and potassium) and vitamins of the B and E groups. The grain of legumes contains 20-25 percent protein (up to 35 percent in soybeans) and 1-2 percent fat (about 15 percent in soybeans).

The main cereal feed grains are corn, oats, barley, rye, millet, green bristle grass, and sorghum; legumes include the vetch, lentils, soybeans, common beans, horse beans, and chick-peas. Feed grains are fed to all types of animals in ground, crushed, or milled form. Because of the presence of binding substances, large doses of leguminous feeds sometimes cause constipation. Particular caution is exercised in feeding leguminous grains to pregnant animals. The feeding of grain that is blackened, rotten, or strongly infected by fungal diseases, or that contains considerable amounts of harmful admixtures that cannot be removed, is forbidden.

References in periodicals archive ?
The act's increased production controls discourage production, but its freezing of target prices for wheat and feed grains for the next 2 years encourages production, particularly with the concurrent reduction in loan rates.
Feed Grains Council--an organization that promotes U.S.
To investigate the effects of feed grain prices on the price of consumer food, the authors constructed a vector-autoregression model.(1) The first step in constructing the model was to take a simple average of the monthly index levels of the PPI's for corn, soybeans, and wheat.
Purdue's research model estimates that at the 500 percent tax rate, food and feed grain prices increased 14 percent.
There are also graphs looking at longer term trends in feed grains plus the Brent crude oil prices which is closely linked to cereals and soya prices.
Higher feed grain prices have been driven by the sharp increase in the price of corn.
The availability of barley for domestic consumption may fall by around 6-million tons from 2009-10, which will raise substantially the demand for other types of feed grain, mainly wheat, from animal breeders and animal feed makers.
He died after a lorry-load of animal feed grain fell from a tipper truck and engulfed him.
If we in the UK continue to eat such vast amounts of meat we will be using up depleting resources (land, energy and water) to feed grain to animals while people starve.
performing a great Skelsmersdale If we in the UK continue to eat such vast amounts of meat, we will be using up depleting resources (land, energy and water) to feed grain to animals while people starve.
"Taking into account the problems faced by the various farming sectors, which arose from the economic crisis, the Cyprus Grain Commission decided to significantly reduce the retail price of animal feed grain for its clients," the commission said.
broiler industry is blaming federal ethanol subsidies and mandates for the exceptional pressure it is under from rising feed grain costs.