Feed Ration

Feed Ration

 

the daily feed portion prepared from various feeds according to various animals’ requirements. It is based on feeding standards and information about the composition and nutritive value of feeds.

The feed ration must consist of feeds appropriate to the animal’s anatomy. The volume and content of the dry matter of feeds must correspond to the capacity of the digestive system. The ration should include a variety of feeds. The ration’s structure (feed ratio) varies with the type of animal, age, intended use, and manner of feeding. The feed ration is modified during the year with changes in the animal’s physiological condition (pregnancy, lactation) and changes in the conditions under which it is kept (winter and summer). In preparing feed rations, standards for planned rather than actual productivity are used.

In the case of nonpedigree herds, feed rations are based on an average animal’s age, weight, and productivity and cover the longest possible period. Rations for individual animals and rations for a short period of time are prepared only on cattle breeding farms or for highly productive or sick animals. Feed rations that supply the animal’s entire nutritional needs are called balanced. Those that fail to satisfy even a single standard requirement are considered unbalanced. To help the farms, scientific organizations work out model rations for the main groups of animals designed for different natural and economic conditions.

REFERENCES

See

V. K. DYMAN

References in periodicals archive ?
MilkLane provides the farmers with high-quality feed ration free of toxins, which results in consumers getting toxin safe milk every day.
This can be done by using commercial feed, working with an animal nutritionist, or using a feed ration guide to help make sure all dietary requirements are met for the optimal wellbeing of your pigs.
By SUBIRI OBWOGOIn the last two articles, I discussed how to test the quality of raw materials and the mash mixtures using crude protein (CP) and metabolisable energy (ME).I explained that at times, the energy content of a chicken feed ration (ME) rather than other nutrients, is what determines the feed intake, growth and reproduction.
Feed ration formulation is a particular challenge especially if new nutritive mixtures are involved.
However, because feeding flax can cause digestive problems and slow growth, Mattocks recommends keeping flax below 5 percent of the total feed ration. Flax also enhances omega-3 levels in poultry meat.
The relationship between feed ration and body composition alongwith some haematological parameters such as haematocrit, plasma total lipids and cholesterol values was examined, keeping in view that the biological and haematological characteristics could be used as satisfactory criteria for the observation of the general hygienic situation and rearing progress of this fish from fingerling stage to their marketable size as suggested by Abbas and Siddiqui (2003).
Interactive effects of stocking density and algal feed ration on growth, survival, and ingestion rate of larval geoduck clams (Panopea generosa).
The feed ration certainly did not seem to be excessive.
Feed ration (formulation) involves combining different ingredients in proportions necessary to provide the animal with proper amounts of nutrients needed at a particular growth stage.
"Those contracts specify today that Murphy Farms has authority over most important management decisions, from ownership, source and marketing of the hogs, to the hogs' sex, feed ration, medication and transportation."
Moreover, hay alone does not provide a balanced feed ration and is commonly supplemented by other feeds and feed concentrates.
When horses are pastured, however, the feed ration must be supplemented with selenium (Karren et al., 2010; Brummer et al., 2013a,b).