Feeding Area

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Feeding Area


in a plot of land, such as a field or orchard, the area occupied by a single plant. The feeding area, which is usually expressed in sq cm or sq m, is determined by the biological characteristics of the variety and age of the plant and by the conditions and purposes of cultivation. A proper feeding area ensures maximal use of sunlight and of moisture and nutrients from the soil, thus increasing the yield and quality of the harvest. It is often expressed in terms of the density of planting, that is, the number of plants per hectare (ha).

The most densely planted crops, such as common flax and herbs, number 20–30 million per ha. Their feeding area is 3-5 sq cm. Cereals are planted 5-6 million per ha, with a feeding area of 20-25 sq cm. Square-cluster plantings of corn have a density of 40,000 plants per ha and a feeding area of 0.25 sq m. Pumpkins are planted 2,000–3,000 per ha, and their feeding area is 3-5 sq m. Fruit crops have a density of 200–500 plants per ha and a feeding area of 20-50 sq m.

The feeding areas for tall crops (such as corn), plants with fruits developing on tall stocks, and late-maturing vegetables (such as cabbage) are larger than those for low-growing varieties, fruit crops with low stocks, and early maturing vegetables. Young vegetable and fruit plants do not make use of their entire feeding area during the early stages of vegetative growth. Thus, it is possible to sow or plant rapidly maturing crops in the interrow areas to make more productive use of the ground.

With a good regime of fertilization and irrigation, decreased feeding areas may produce maximum yields. For this reason, dense plantings are more productive on fertile fields. Larger feeding areas are provided for plants grown from seed.


Rubtsov, M. I., and V. P. Matveev. Ovoshchevodstvo. Moscow, 1970.
Zemledelie, 2nd ed. Edited by S. A. Vorob’ev. Moscow, 1972.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
If you find a tight cluster of rubs in a secluded area that's close to a field crossing or open feeding area, you're probably looking at a staging area.
The best spot for the afternoon hunt is either right on, or just inside the edge of the timber from, an active feeding area. As the does start filtering through, bucks will come here looking.
Set up along the main trails heading into the feeding area but stay within range of the edge trail that runs about 20 to 40 yards inside the timber.
When hunting these locations, always approach through the back door--from the direction away from the feeding area.
When a buck enters the staging area, it will generally walk its the length before leaving in the direction toward the nearby, larger feeding area. Even in the morning, he will, often walk the length of the staging area, checking scrapes or just boldly strutting right down the center.
Any place where several trails converge near a feeding area is a good stand site.
You may not see large numbers of deer in these small plots, but the shots will be better and the chances of messing things up will be much lower than what you will face at a large feeding area.
That Boone and Crockett buck's reaction is typical of what can happen when you get busted in a big buck's feeding area.
So, your stand should be closer to the feeding area than the bedding area.
It may be tempting to try to hunt the buck in the morning near his feeding area, but doing so is extremely ticklish.
Usually, shortly after daybreak, he'll follow a group of does out of their feeding area into cover.
I was hunting along a feeding area, but it wasn't the food that attracted the buck, it was the does.