Feeding Center


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal.

Feeding Center

 

the group of brain structures that regulate the initial stages of digestion and the choice and consumption of food. These processes include searching for, examining, and accepting or rejecting food. The concept of a feeding center was introduced by I. P. Pavlov.

By integrating external and internal signals, the feeding center regulates the quantity of foodstuffs that enters the body in accordance with the body’s requirements for energy and structural elements. The constituent parts of the feeding center are found along different levels of the central nervous system. Among the subcortical structures of the feeding center, certain portions of the hypothalamus play a special role. Injury to the lateral hypothalamus, which is the hunger center, results in food rejection and exhaustion; and injury to the ventromedial nuclei of the hypothalamus, where the satiety center is situated, causes an increase in food consumption and obesity. Specific reactions to food and the alternation of hunger and satiety are controlled by the hypothalamic portion of the feeding center, which acts in response to the products of carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism, as well as to biologically active substances and hormones.

The functional condition of the hypothalamic portions of the feeding center is also dependent on information from various peripheral receptors throughout the body. Alimentary activity is also regulated by other subcortical structures. Complex unconditioned and conditioned reflexes that are related to feeding arise in the portions of the food center, which are located in the cerebral cortex.

A. M. UGOLEV and V. G. KASSIL’

References in periodicals archive ?
The feeding center in Mongolia, which is organized through MANNA Worldwide, is a new step for the church, Rev.
We had envisioned working together at the different feeding centers.
The loving staff made it so nice and comfortable to come to the feeding center each day.
When we graduated from the feeding center, I could not believe the strides we had made in one month.
These programs include therapeutic feeding centers for severely malnourished children and supplementary feeding programs for severely and moderately malnourished children.
The feeding centers don't operate any more, the old folks home doesn't operate, the shelters don't operate.
From Thursday through Sunday, 13 auto dealerships will serve as repositories for canned and packaged food that will be distributed to churches and feeding centers throughout the year.
These families cope in emergencies by visiting food banks and pantries, emergency feeding centers and other charities, after they have exhausted their month's groceries.
From April through July 2000, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) opened feeding centers in the Gode district.
The last of the Doctors Without Frontiers teams left North Korea last Thursday after 16 continuous months supporting therapeutic feeding centers and running drug distribution programs and training programs, the group said.
Save the Children has set up emergency feeding centers to provide food, water and medical care to thousands of people each day, but more help is urgently needed.
Fewer than one in five therapeutic feeding centers in Yemen are