Feeding Center


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

Feeding Center

 

the group of brain structures that regulate the initial stages of digestion and the choice and consumption of food. These processes include searching for, examining, and accepting or rejecting food. The concept of a feeding center was introduced by I. P. Pavlov.

By integrating external and internal signals, the feeding center regulates the quantity of foodstuffs that enters the body in accordance with the body’s requirements for energy and structural elements. The constituent parts of the feeding center are found along different levels of the central nervous system. Among the subcortical structures of the feeding center, certain portions of the hypothalamus play a special role. Injury to the lateral hypothalamus, which is the hunger center, results in food rejection and exhaustion; and injury to the ventromedial nuclei of the hypothalamus, where the satiety center is situated, causes an increase in food consumption and obesity. Specific reactions to food and the alternation of hunger and satiety are controlled by the hypothalamic portion of the feeding center, which acts in response to the products of carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism, as well as to biologically active substances and hormones.

The functional condition of the hypothalamic portions of the feeding center is also dependent on information from various peripheral receptors throughout the body. Alimentary activity is also regulated by other subcortical structures. Complex unconditioned and conditioned reflexes that are related to feeding arise in the portions of the food center, which are located in the cerebral cortex.

A. M. UGOLEV and V. G. KASSIL’

References in periodicals archive ?
The feeding center in Mongolia, which is organized through MANNA Worldwide, is a new step for the church, Rev.
When we graduated from the feeding center, I could not believe the strides we had made in one month.
He setup the IIMSAM Flagship Programme the "Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan Free Spirulina Feeding Centre" in Kisumu, Kenya is one of the renowned free feeding centers serving thousands of people since it was found in 2009.
The Center has also provided support to the WHO for the implementation of 18 therapeutic feeding centers which targeted 17,280 malnourished children, managed the organization of the 5421 case of the treatment of acute malnutrition for children under five.
Currently, more than 35,000 children worldwide receive meals every day through LeSEA's "Every Child Every Day" program in partnering schools, orphanages and feeding centers. By feeding children in settings in which they can receive an education, LeSEA and their partners are able to give children both food and a future.
In Dera Murad Jamali, Balochistan where the team is running five ambulatory therapeutic feeding centers (ATFCs), the number of children enrolled in the programme increased significantly following the floods due to either food insecurity or the addition of displaced people to the local population.
These programs include therapeutic feeding centers for severely malnourished children and supplementary feeding programs for severely and moderately malnourished children.
"The feeding centers don't operate any more, the old folks home doesn't operate, the shelters don't operate." Haney's film focuses on plantations owned by the Vicini family, a dynasty of sugar growers who declined to be interviewed for the film.