All experimental diets were formulated to meet or exceed the Chinese Feeding Standard
for Dairy Cattle (Ministry of Agriculture of P.
In control group ewes were fed with standard diet formulated according to China Feeding Standard
for sheep (NY/T816-2004) throughout the experiment.
The feeding standard
is that soldiers will be provided three quality meals daily.
In all such cases the best remedy is to improve the general feeding standard
The basal diets were formulated by referring the Korean Feeding Standard
 for broilers to meet or exceed nutrients levels of (KFS, d 7 to d 21) for the grower and (KFS, d 22 to market) for the finisher phase diets respectively.
Basal diets, divided into two phases according to the ages of the chicks (starter phase, 1 to 21 d; grower phase, 22 to 42 d), were formulated according to the NRC (1994) and the Chinese Feeding Standard
of Chicken (Ministry of Agriculture of China, 2004).
All diets were formulated to meet and exceed the nutrients requirements of NRC (1994) and Korean Feeding Standard
for poultry (2012), except for Ca, as shown in Table 1.
Diets were formulated to meet the nutrient requirements of growing Hanwoo heifer according to the Korean Feeding Standards
for Hanwoo cattle developed by NLRI, Rural Development Administration, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (Korean Feeding Standard
The amount of P in the LP diet was near the level recommended by the NRC (BW from 250 to 350 kg, ADG = 1,000 g), the MP dietary P level was close to the Chinese dairy cow feeding standard
recommendations (NY/T 34-2004, BW from 250 to 350 kg, ADG = 1,000 g), and the HP diet contained P commonly fed by livestock producers in the east region of China (Guo, 2013).
of Chicken of the People's Republic of China.
Maximum inclusion level of WDG as calculated by the feed formulation program (NIAS, Korean feeding standard
program for Hanwoo, 2012a) in this study was 28% (as fed basis) because to meet the requirement of finishing Hanwoo cattle (NIAS, Korean feeding standard
for Hanwoo, 2012b) the relatively high concentrations of CP and low TDN of WDG limit a higher inclusion level.