Feeding Standard

Feeding Standard

 

the quantity of nutrients required by an animal to remain healthy and highly productive. Feeding standards are set in accordance with productivity (milk, meat, wool, eggs), composition of the product (fat content of milk), and physiological condition (growth, fetal development). Feeding standards differ for animals according to breed, age, and intended use. Consideration is also given to varying regional conditions.

Modern feeding standards include the animal’s total nutritional needs, expressed in feed units—digestible protein, calcium, phosphorus, and carotene. Standards of consumption of vitamins and trace elements have been established for each animal type; for swine and poultry, standards have also been established for amino acids. Feeding standards are not permanent, but are reexamined with changes in agricultural technology and production targets. Feed rations are based on feeding standards.

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References in periodicals archive ?
All experimental diets were formulated to meet or exceed the Chinese Feeding Standard for Dairy Cattle (Ministry of Agriculture of P.
In control group ewes were fed with standard diet formulated according to China Feeding Standard for sheep (NY/T816-2004) throughout the experiment.
The feeding standard is that soldiers will be provided three quality meals daily.
In all such cases the best remedy is to improve the general feeding standard.
The basal diets were formulated by referring the Korean Feeding Standard [14] for broilers to meet or exceed nutrients levels of (KFS, d 7 to d 21) for the grower and (KFS, d 22 to market) for the finisher phase diets respectively.
Basal diets, divided into two phases according to the ages of the chicks (starter phase, 1 to 21 d; grower phase, 22 to 42 d), were formulated according to the NRC (1994) and the Chinese Feeding Standard of Chicken (Ministry of Agriculture of China, 2004).
All diets were formulated to meet and exceed the nutrients requirements of NRC (1994) and Korean Feeding Standard for poultry (2012), except for Ca, as shown in Table 1.
Diets were formulated to meet the nutrient requirements of growing Hanwoo heifer according to the Korean Feeding Standards for Hanwoo cattle developed by NLRI, Rural Development Administration, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (Korean Feeding Standard, 2002).
The amount of P in the LP diet was near the level recommended by the NRC (BW from 250 to 350 kg, ADG = 1,000 g), the MP dietary P level was close to the Chinese dairy cow feeding standard recommendations (NY/T 34-2004, BW from 250 to 350 kg, ADG = 1,000 g), and the HP diet contained P commonly fed by livestock producers in the east region of China (Guo, 2013).
Maximum inclusion level of WDG as calculated by the feed formulation program (NIAS, Korean feeding standard program for Hanwoo, 2012a) in this study was 28% (as fed basis) because to meet the requirement of finishing Hanwoo cattle (NIAS, Korean feeding standard for Hanwoo, 2012b) the relatively high concentrations of CP and low TDN of WDG limit a higher inclusion level.