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Difficulty in swallowing, or inability to swallow, of organic or psychic causation.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



difficulty in the act of swallowing.

The causes of dysphagia are inflammations of the oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, larynx, and mediastinum; foreign bodies; cicatricial stenoses and tumors; and certain nervous conditions. Swallowing is difficult or impossible and painful. Food or liquid get into the nose, larynx, and trachea. Dysphagia is treated by eliminating the primary condition.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Feeding difficulties and hypotonia at birth were present in all these patients, with NGFs given to nine.
Breast feeding difficulties which have been reported in literature as the earliest problem associated with the tongue-tie, was not seen as the main concern of parents in the subject study.
Feeding difficulties occur frequently but are often unrecognized and cause major management difficulties in patients with Noonan syndrome.
[13] report a higher percentage of feeding problems at 2 years old, finding a 23% of children who met the criteria of feeding difficulties, having twice the risk of feeding disorders compared to healthy full-term children at two years old, as reported by Carter et al.
It was found that 65.8% of participants had feeding difficulties secondary to a systemic illness, such as respiratory distress syndrome, cardiac abnormalities, and pneumonia.
Respiratory and feeding difficulties, low birth weight, and seizures are more prevalent among infants with NAS (1).
Congenital granular cell tumors are always benign but can cause feeding difficulties and airway obstruction.
Symptoms usually appear in the first three to six months of life and include lack of motor development, feeding difficulties, abnormal muscle tone, and a large, poorly-controlled head.
Parents, clinicians, and caregivers of children with ASD frequently report feeding difficulties and unusual eating patterns, the majority of which are anecdotal accounts.
Associated problems like seizures in 18 cases, ocular problems like refractory errors, Strabismus in 28 cases, defect in hearing and speech in 12 cases, slow head growth in 8 cases, hydrocephalus in 2 cases, feeding difficulties in 32 cases.
Initial signs and symptoms typically include irritability, limb spasticity, absent reflexes, muscle weakness, feeding difficulties, episodes of fever with no sign of infection, stiff posture and slowed or regressed neurocognitive development.
Feeding difficulties are common in neurologically impaired children and impact negatively on food intake, growth, neurodevelopment and general health of these children.1,2 The North American Growth in Cerebral Palsy Project" demonstrated a clear correlation between the degree of motor impairment and severity of feeding difficulties and reported feeding problems in majority of the cerebral palsy children they evaluated.3 Several feeding problems have been reported in cerebral palsy children such as need for help with feeding, frequent chocking, stressful and prolonged feeding, frequent vomiting and chewing and swallowing dysfunction.2,4