Feinberg, Evgenii L’vovich
Born June 14 (27), 1912, in Baku. Soviet theoretical physicist. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1966).
Feinberg graduated from Moscow State University in 1935. In 1938 he joined the staff of the Institute of Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. While associated with the institute, he was also a professor at the University of Gorky from 1944 to 1946 and at the Moscow Physical Engineering Institute from 1946 to 1954.
Feinberg’s main works deal with nuclear physics, radio physics, acoustics, and the physics of elementary particles and cosmic rays. From 1943 to 1948 and from 1958 to 1961, Feinberg developed and applied methods of solving problems of the theory of radio-wave propagation along the earth’s surface with allowance for the inhomogeneities and irregularities of the surface. Between 1943 and 1955 he developed a statistical theory of the noise immunity of acoustic-signal reception and proposed a correlation technique for the analysis of acoustic signals. In 1939, Feinberg conducted a detailed investigation of the ionization of atoms during β-decay. He initiated the study of inelastic coherent processes (1941) and inelastic diffraction processes (1954). He also investigated multiple hadron production during peripheral collisions (1946) and the mechanisms of cosmic-ray variation (1958).
Feinberg was awarded three orders and various medals.