Felibre

Felibre

 

a member or supporter of the Felibrige, a literary movement for the revival and development of Provençal literature. The movement, which originated in the south of France, was influenced by literary and historical romanticism.

A group of Felibrige poets was founded in 1854 by J. Roumanille and F. Mistral. In 1876 the group adopted a charter; it held literary competitions and congresses and published periodicals. The felibres upheld Provençal culture and Provençal literature, which they regarded as the successor to the poetry of the troubadours. The main historical contribution of the felibres was the establishment of literary norms for the Provençal language. The fame of such felibres as Mistral and T. Aubanel made modern Provençal literature part of the European cultural tradition and laid the foundation for recent Provençal literature.

REFERENCES

Dragomanov, M. “Novokel’tskoe i provansal’skoe dvizhenie vo Frantsii.” Vestnik Evropy, 1875, books 8–9.
Lafont, R., and C. Anatole. Nouvelle Histoire de la littérature occitane, vol. 2. Paris, 1970.

N. V. KOTRELEV

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Humour glacant et corrosif, le spectacle en convulse, l'interpretation, tres physique, est souvent desopilante, le comedien est au summum de son art de felibre, meme si le spectacle met un peu de temps a demarrer.
Felibrige e derivado de felibre, uma palavra Provencal que significa "pupilo" ou "seguidor".
En fait, Maurras identifie la Catalogne a sa chere Provence, tandis que le mouvement de la <<Renaixenca>> catalane, oppose a l'Etat liberal espagnol, presente bien des similitudes avec les heritiers du Felibre (30).
Sobre el "viejo amigo" de Du Plessys, Eugene Lintilhac (1854-1920), es facil averiguar que fue profesor en un "lycee", que estuvo cercano al movimiento felibre y defensor de los dialectos del sur, que en los anos 1903-1920 fue senador del Cantal y que efectivamente escribio un Precis historique et critique de la litterature francaise (2 tomos, 1890) y un libro sobre Lesage (1893).
Los bellos pechos de la audaz mucama posaron en mi mano su calibre y en mis ojos su grave panorama: yo cantaba el deseo como un felibre, pero como ella nunca fue una dama, preferia a mi pasion la lucha libre.
There are many variations on the elegant if hardly original "hommage de sympathie"--"tres sympathique hommage d'un confrere en sonnets," (9)--or "souvenenco amistadous" or variations around the theme of "a l'ami et Felibre," (10) "a mon cher ami," "au cher poete," "A son brave Aubanel.
The Felibrige was founded in 1854 by seven poets--Roumanille, Joseph, Mistral, Frederic, Theodore Aubanel, Anselme Mathieu, Jean Brunet, Alphonse Tavan, and Paul Giera--who took their name from a Provencal tale in which Jesus is discovered in the Temple disputing with "Seven Doctors of the Law" ("li set felibre de la lei").
1] He gave the title 'Reneissenco Felibrenco' to the speech with which he opened the Floral Games in Montpellier in 1878, in which he praises 'aqueli felibre que.
Sin embargo, en 1897 el panlatinismo decayo, debido al pesimismo generado por la guerra espanola en Cuba y las disensiones entre felibres (Litvak 1980).
Docteur es lettres, titulaire d'un doctorat en litterature roumaine obtenu a l'Universite de Bucarest, membre du projet Ecrivains balkaniques d'expression frangaise, participation aux colloques (Oradea, 30-31 mai 2008, "Une perspective francophone des affaires en Roumanie", publiee dans une revue Cncsis B+ ; Bucarest, 2008, Connexions spirituelles entre les poetes roumains et le mouvement des felibres, Universite Libre Internationale de Moldavie, Chisinau, 2009 V.
Apres la Liberation, en 1947, une Confrerie des oliverons, aux Baux-de-Provence, rassemble felibres, artistes, et notables.
To revivify their native language, the Felibres sought to create a literature.