Felibre

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Felibre

 

a member or supporter of the Felibrige, a literary movement for the revival and development of Provençal literature. The movement, which originated in the south of France, was influenced by literary and historical romanticism.

A group of Felibrige poets was founded in 1854 by J. Roumanille and F. Mistral. In 1876 the group adopted a charter; it held literary competitions and congresses and published periodicals. The felibres upheld Provençal culture and Provençal literature, which they regarded as the successor to the poetry of the troubadours. The main historical contribution of the felibres was the establishment of literary norms for the Provençal language. The fame of such felibres as Mistral and T. Aubanel made modern Provençal literature part of the European cultural tradition and laid the foundation for recent Provençal literature.

REFERENCES

Dragomanov, M. “Novokel’tskoe i provansal’skoe dvizhenie vo Frantsii.” Vestnik Evropy, 1875, books 8–9.
Lafont, R., and C. Anatole. Nouvelle Histoire de la littérature occitane, vol. 2. Paris, 1970.

N. V. KOTRELEV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Humour glacant et corrosif, le spectacle en convulse, l'interpretation, tres physique, est souvent desopilante, le comedien est au summum de son art de felibre, meme si le spectacle met un peu de temps a demarrer.
Poemas escogidos contains three poems from The Collected Poems of Roy Campbell II (1957), 'La Mancha in Wartime', 'Ballad of Don Juan Tenorio' and 'Felibre', a poem dedicated to French poet Frederic Mistral (1843-1914), who wrote his poetry in Occitan.
Felibrige e derivado de felibre, uma palavra Provencal que significa "pupilo" ou "seguidor".
There are many variations on the elegant if hardly original "hommage de sympathie"--"tres sympathique hommage d'un confrere en sonnets," (9)--or "souvenenco amistadous" or variations around the theme of "a l'ami et Felibre," (10) "a mon cher ami," "au cher poete," "A son brave Aubanel." There are attempts at elliptical definition: au chantre magique," (11) "a Theodore Aubanel, l'incomparable auteur de la Miougrano entre-duberto" (12) or "au grand poete lyrique de la Provence moderne" (13) or the frequently chosen "prince dou felibrige" or J.
The Felibrige was founded in 1854 by seven poets--Roumanille, Joseph, Mistral, Frederic, Theodore Aubanel, Anselme Mathieu, Jean Brunet, Alphonse Tavan, and Paul Giera--who took their name from a Provencal tale in which Jesus is discovered in the Temple disputing with "Seven Doctors of the Law" ("li set felibre de la lei").
His address to a group of visiting Catalan poets at Saint-Remy in 1868 begins with a reference to 'la reneissenco prouvencalo'.[1] He gave the title 'Reneissenco Felibrenco' to the speech with which he opened the Floral Games in Montpellier in 1878, in which he praises 'aqueli felibre que...predicon de-countunio lou revieure nacionau', our poets who constantly preach the rebirth of the nation, and compares them to the Apostles who received the gift of tongues in order to make the world new, 'per renouvela lou mounde'.[2]