Félix Candela

(redirected from Felix Candela)
Félix Candela Outeriño
BirthplaceMadrid, Spain
EducationMadrid School of Architecture

Candela, Felix


Born Jan. 27, 1910, in Madrid. Mexican architect and engineer.

In 1935, Candela graduated from the Higher School of Architecture in Madrid. He participated in the Spanish Civil War of 1936–39 and emigrated to Mexico in 1939. Candela designed thin-shell reinforced-concrete roofs of various shapes, some of which are particularly unusual; for example, he developed thin-walled coverings in the form of hyperbolic paraboloids. His roof designs made possible the use of low-cost sheathing made out of straight boards. In collaboration with other architects, Candela constructed a number of industrial and commercial buildings, as well as several laboratories and churches. In 1954 he built the Church of the Virgin of the Miraculous Medal in Mexico, which is distinguished by its complex and irrational spatial structure.


Faber, S. Candela…. New York, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
Drawing inspiration from the architecture of celebrated Mexican architects Luis Barragan and Felix Candela, the Laz Pozas sculpture in Mexico, textile art and Brazilian beach homes, the designers at hOmE integrated custom elements including lighting made with blackened steel, woven cane and opal glass, custom tables crafted from white oak and caramel leather, as well as sapele and leather banquettes.
Felix Candela, Elegance and Endurance: An Examination of the Xochimilco Shell, Journal of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS), Vol.
Chandeliers recalling sea anemones flutter along the ceiling of the Oceanographic Park in Felix Candela, Spain.
The title, The Felix Candela Lectures (held in honour of Spanish engineer Candela), implies that the structural engineering presented has an artistic pretension, based in itself and in the processes of construction.
Put together by the prolific architect Santiago Calatrava, a Valencian, and the now-deceased Felix Candela, it occupies the old riverbed after the Turia itself was diverted south of the city following a catastrophic flood in 1957.
Spanish-born architect Felix Candela made great advances in the design and construction of hyperbolic parabaloid shells when he lived and worked in Mexico from the 1940s to the 60s.