felt

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felt,

fabric made by matting or felting together woolwool,
fiber made from the fleece of the domestic sheep. Composition and Characteristics

Wool consists of the cortex, overlapping scales (sharper and more protruding than those of hair) that may expand at their free edges causing fibers to intermesh; elasticum, the
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, hair, or fur, most of which have a natural tendency to snarl or cling together owing to their notched or scaly surfaces. Processes of manufacture vary according to fibers used and purpose intended. Woven felt is first made into coarse cloth, given a heavy nap by teaseling, then ironed down. True felt is made by placing the cleaned fibers in the shape or mass desired, then beating, steaming, pressing, fulling, or otherwise compacting them to the required thickness. Impregnated felts, designed for industrial uses such as roofing and sheathing, are made from waste and sometimes from paper treated with a stiffening or waterproofing substance. As an art, felt making probably preceded spinning. Felt was used in N Asia for clothing and tents, and the felt hat was known in ancient Greece and Rome. The invention (1846) of a machine for making felt first brought about the great popularity of the felt hat for men.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Felt

 

a lining, sealing, heat- and sound-insulating material made by a matting process. There are several kinds of felt, with different properties and uses. In addition to wool (the most common felt) and semiwool felt, there is also mineral felt, made from mineral wadding on an asphalt binding, and felt made from chemical fibers. The basic types of felt are (a) technical (coarse, semicoarse, and fine wool), with a density of from 0.09 to 0.45 g/cm3 in the form of ribbons, sheets, and ready-made pieces, used for gaskets, stuffing, shock absorbers and wicks in automobiles, tractors, combines, and airplanes, for the drive shafts and other components of textile and paper machines, for polishing tin (felt polishing pads), for musical instruments, and for prosthetic devices; (b) everyday, used in shoes, soles, and harness-making; and (c) construction, used for warming the ends of wooden beams in external stone walls and the seams of boards in prefabricated buildings.


Felt

 

a wool or wool-blend fabric made from yarn, whose face is so compacted as a result of fulling that the weave is concealed. Felt usually has a plain or twill weave. After being subjected to intensive fulling, the cloth shrinks lengthwise and, especially, breadthways (up to 50 percent) and acquires an extremely high density. Felt comes in various thicknesses and is distinguished as being fine, semicoarse, or coarse. It may be napped or napless. Felt is used mainly for winter coats, suits, and uniforms. It is used industrially for filters, packing, and automobile and furniture upholstery.

Cotton felt fabric resembles felt made of wool and is often used as a substitute for the latter, especially for school uniforms, quilted coats, and ski suits. There are a number of other fabrics besides felt that are made from yarn subjected to fulling, for example, cheviot, tricot, broadcloth, castor, and baize.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

felt

[felt]
(materials)
A fibrous, watertight heavy paper of organic or asbestos fibers impregnated with asphalt and used as an overlining or an underlining for roofs. Also known as felt paper.
(textiles)
A compressed, densely matted unwoven fabric of wool, sometimes with rayon or hair.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

felt

An unwoven fabric, composed of fibers which are matted together, usually with the aid of moisture and heat, by rolling or by pressure; usually manufactured from cellulose fibers from wood, paper, or rags, or from asbestos or glass fibers.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

felt

Nonwoven material built up from fibers or whiskers of carbon, glass, asbestos, etc.
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

felt

1. 
a. a matted fabric of wool, hair, etc., made by working the fibres together under pressure or by heat or chemical action
b. (as modifier): a felt hat
2. any material, such as asbestos, made by a similar process of matting
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Those learning feltmaking were able to "learn about the art of feltmaking to create a small item".
The feltmaking process may have been rediscovered by a Benedictine monk during an eighth century pilgrimage from Caen to the shrine at Mont-Saint-Michel.
LLANTRISANT Flocks and Blocks by Jane Cummins, who uses feltmaking, wood turning and moulding plywood to make contemporary wooden vessels enhanced with felt and a unique range of handbags.
A series of workshops will run during the exhibition which features demonstrations and activities @ Minerva Arts Centre until September 12 LLANTRISANT Flocks and Blocks by Jane Cummins, who uses century-old techniques of feltmaking, wood turning and moulding plywood to make contemporary wooden vessels enhanced with felt and a unique range of handbags @ Model House until September 6.
A series of workshops will run during the exhibition and there are demonstrations and activities throughout the summer @ Minerva Arts Centre until September 12 LLANTRISANT Flocks and Blocks by Jane Cummins, who uses century old techniques of feltmaking, wood turning and moulding plywood to make contemporary wooden vessels enhanced with felt and a unique range of handbags @ Model
Cummins uses century old techniques of feltmaking, wood turning and moulding plywood to make contemporary wooden vessels enhanced with felt and a unique range of handbags.