Feodosiya


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Feodosiya

(fā'ədô`sēə), city (1990 est. pop. 85,000), E Crimea. From 1954 part of Ukraine (then the Ukrainian SSR), it passed to Russian control in 2014 after the occupation and annexation of Crimea. It is a major Black Sea port at the western end of the Feodosiya Gulf. Feodosiya is also a rail terminus. A popular Crimean sea and health resort, Feodosiya has beaches, mineral springs, and mud baths. The city occupies the site of ancient Theodosia, which was founded in the 6th cent. B.C. by Greek colonists from Miletus. Theodosia, noted for its grain exports, was destroyed by the Huns in the 4th cent. A.D.; it existed thereafter as an insignificant village until the Genoese arrived in the 13th cent., established a flourishing trade colony, and virtually monopolized Black Sea commerce. Under their rule, the city was called Caffa or Kaffa and served as the chief port and administrative center of Genoese possessions along the Black Sea coast. The khan of Crimea, an ally of the Turks, conquered the city in 1475; it remained under Turko-Tatar control until Russia's annexation of the Crimea in 1783. In 1802 it was named Feodosiya. German forces captured it twice during World War II. The ruins of the Genoese fortifications still stand.
References in periodicals archive ?
During the leaguer of Kaffa, Feodosiya, Ukraine, the Tartars (Mongols), who attacked Kaffain in the 14th century, tossed dead and dying plague victims into the city in an attempt to spread the disease.
This was particularly the case when the Genoese and Venetians installed themselves in trading centres along the Black Sea, notably at Caffa (modern Feodosiya) in the Crimea and Tana on the Sea of Azov.
(39) Other key losses included the landing vessel Olshansk; two of Ukraine's mine-sweepers, Cherkasy and Chernihiv; the antitorpedo boat Kherson; and the anti-sabotage boat Feodosiya, (40) As a result, the fleet currently operates only ten ships, with thirty-three support vessels.
On 11 May 2016, the keel of the Shtorm, the first ship of 'Project 22800/Karakurt' class, was laid in the More Shipyard in Feodosiya, Crimea.
Until the CPC began delivery at Russia's Black Sea terminal zone of Novorossiysk in October 2001, TCO exports used to be moved partly through congested Russian pipelines, partly by rail to China, and partly by rail and pipeline to the Black Sea ports of Odessa, Feodosiya and Sevastopol, and Georgia's Batumi.
The base in Feodosiya housed Ukraine's only marine battalion.
Witnesses said Russian soldiers had moved out of their bases and blocked about 400 Ukrainian marines in the eastern port city of Feodosiya. Agence France Presse reporters saw a similar presence of troops outside a Ukrainian military installation near the Crimean capital Simferopol and other locations.
Witnesses said Russian soldiers had also blocked about 400 Ukrainian marines at their base in the eastern Crimean port city of Feodosiya and were calling on them to surrender and give up their weapons.
The epidemic in fact began with an attack that the Mongols launched on the Italian merchants' last trading station in the region, Kaffa (today Feodosiya) in the Crimea.
For example, during the period covered by this report, the Government returned Mosques in the Crimean cities of Sudak and Feodosiya; a synagogue in the Crimean city of Yevpatoriya to the Progressive Jewish community; Uspensky Cathedral in Kharkiv to the UOC-MP; and, an unidentified Orthodox church building in Sevastopol to the UOC-MP.
The crude reaches Tallinn by rail via the Ukrainian ports of Feodosiya and Sevastopol.