Mouloud Feraoun

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Feraoun, Mouloud


(pen name of Aït Chaábane). Born Mar. 8, 1913, in Tizi-Hibel; died Mar. 15, 1962, in El-Biar, a district of Algiers. Algerian writer who wrote in French.

Feraoun’s father was a Kabyle fellah who worked for many years as a miner in France. Feraoun graduated from a lycée in Tizi-Ousou and a pedagogical school in Bou-Zareah. From 1935 to 1957 he taught in Kabylie.

Feraoun was the founder of the realistic school of Algerian French-language literature. He wrote the novel Poor Man’s Son (1950; Russian translation, 1963), the short-story collection Days of Kabylie (1954; Russian translation, 1970), and a two-volume epic consisting of Land and Blood (1953; Russian translation, 1965) and Hard Path (1957; Russian translation, 1965). These works portray typical Algerian characters and the social conditions in the period between the two world wars and on the eve of the November Uprising of 1954.

In the article “The Last Message” (1960), Feraoun rejected the assimilationist solution to the Algerian problem suggested by A. Camus. He believed that the road to Algeria’s freedom and independence lay in an armed popular struggle against the colonialists (Diary: 1955–1962, 1962).

Feraoun was killed by OAS terrorists. In 1972 his essays, critiques, and excerpts from the unfinished novel The Anniversary were published.


Les Poèmes de Si Mohand. Paris, 1960.
Lettre à ses amis. Paris, 1969.
In Russian translation:
Dnevnik: 1955–1962. [Excerpts.] In Pisatel’ i sovremennost’. Moscow, 1973.


Prozhogina, S. V. Frankoiazychnaia literatura stran Magriba. Moscow, 1973. (See index.)
Khatibi, A. Le Roman maghrébin. Paris, 1968.
Dejeux, J. La Littérature maghrébine d’expression française, vol. 1. Algiers, 1970.


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La c[euro]u[c]r[euro]u[c]monie a [euro]u[c]t[euro]u[c] pr[euro]u[c]sid[euro]u[c]e par le ministre de la justice, garde des sceaux, Tayeb Louh , en pr[euro]u[c]sence de Houda Feraoun , ministre de la Poste, des t[euro]u[c]l[euro]u[c]communications, des Technologies et du Num[euro]u[c]rique, Fatma Zohra Zerouati, ministre de l'Environnement et des Energies, de membres de lae1/4aoAPN et du Conseil de la Nation , de hauts cadres de lae1/4aoEtat, des fonctionnaires du minist[euro]uA re de la Justice, des officiers sup[euro]u[c]rieurs et femmes des services de s[euro]u[c]curit[euro]u[c] .
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Le passe simple, 1954), of Algerian Kateb Yacine, Mouloud Feraoun (Le fils du pauvre, 1950) and Mohammed Dib (La grande maison, 1952), and of Tunisian Albert Memmi (La statue de sel, 1953).
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Reading Fanon and Feraoun together, we invariably have a discussion about whether it is legitimate to use violence to end violence.
When Mouloud Feraoun published his famous novel Le Fils du pauvre with Seuil in 1954, his editors asked him to cut the final part of the narrative: a section that offers a critical account of the Vichy regime in Algeria.
Horne adds color with casual digressions on The Plague and The Stranger; on the articles of Janet Flanner, Paris correspondent for The New Yorker; on the diary of Algerian novelist Mouloud Feraoun, a moderate killed by the French fascist O.
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