Fernand Braudel

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Fernand Braudel
BirthplaceLuméville-en-Ornois, France
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Braudel, Fernand


Born Aug. 24, 1902, in Lunéville, Meuse Department. French historian.

Braudel became director of the French Center for Historical Studies in 1948, professor at the Collège de France in 1949, and head of the Sixth Section (Economic and Social Sciences) at the Practical School of Higher Studies (Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes) in 1956. Braudel is editor of the journal Annales: Economies, Sociétés, Civilisations, which is very influential among Western European historians. His principal works are on the social and economic history of Western Europe in the 16th through the 18th century. The development of trade and monetary circulation are described in these books in particular detail. Braudel’s works also pay a great deal of attention to the influence of the geographical environment on social processes.


La Méditerranée et le monde méditerranéen à l’époque de Philippe II, vols. 1-2, 2nd ed. Paris, 1967.
Civilisation matérielle et capitalisme: XV-XVIII siècles. Paris, 1967.
Ecrits sur l’histoire. Paris, 1969.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In many ways, The Mexican Heartland seems inspired both by Ferdinand Braudel's La Mediterranee et le Monde mediterraneen a l'epoque de Philippe II (Paris: Armand Colin, 1949), and Immanuel Wallerstein's The Modern World System (New York: Academic Press,1974), simultaneously demonstrating the Mexican heartland's global historical clout and its political and economic subordination as a (critical) periphery to world capitalism.
Yet as Ferdinand Braudel demonstrated, civilizations--including the Christian West and the Islamic world--have consistently engaged in exchanges and mutual borrowings over centuries.
Inspired by Ferdinand Braudel's notion of "total history", in his "Atlantic Studies Complexities: Routes across Cultures", the first article in the volume, Boelhower welcomes what he terms the "new Atlantic studies matrix" (16), characterized by an intense interdisciplinarity that results from a conception of the world as a pluriverse "caught up in processes that are both intra- and inter-civilizational" (16).
Both their method and their object of inquiry are reminiscent of Ferdinand Braudel's famous study of the "longue duree," although their more immediate inspiration and interlocutor is the American historical sociologist Jack Goldstone.
Aside from this preference, Bosworth is catholic in his resources, reaching back to Samuel Chew's Crescent and the Rose (1937) and across disciplines to cite the work of Ferdinand Braudel and Bernard Lewis, among many others.
Eric Tagliacozzo's ambitious monograph, Secret trade, porous borders, while building on the regional studies of Ferdinand Braudel and Anthony Reid, makes its mark by showing how in Southeast Asia, the spaces where 'illegality happens' mattered in the creation of geopolitical borders and how illegal trafficking in the form of smuggling and contrabanding went hand in hand with the formation of an international border between the British and Dutch colonial regimes in Southeast Asia.
This keyhole synopsis barely hints at the many important topics Ricoeur addresses, and it is just as important to acknowledge his thoughtful readings not only of a full array of historians and thinkers about history--Marc Bloch, Ferdinand Braudel, Pierre Nora, Hayden White, Michel Foucault, Michel de Certeau, Norbert Elias--and many others--but also of Hannah Arendt, Bergson, Plato, and others.
Ferdinand Braudel, The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II (New York, 1972); Carlo Ginzburg, The Cheese and the Worms: The Cosmos of a Sixteenth-Century Miller (Baltimore, 1992); William L.
Tanto el como Chaunu fueron discipulos de Ferdinand Braudel, el maestro frances de la historia moderna en el pasado siglo XX.
In the late 1970s the Venetian archives were awash with a new generation of scholars: attracted by reports of massive runs of unstudied documents and the work of scholars like Ferdinand Braudel, Frederick Lane, and Gaetano Cozzi, overnight they were transformed from a quiet retreat for a few scholars toiling in relative anonymity to a lively place of intellectual ferment.
Arrighi offers a novel and synthetic repackaging of a number of insights from an extremely diverse crew, ranging from Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and Henri Pirenne to Ferdinand Braudel and a large number of prominent analysts of the late twentieth century.