Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nieuwenhuis, Ferdinand Domela


Born in 1846, in Amsterdam; died in 1919, in The Hague. Figure in the Dutch labor movement.

Nieuwenhuis was a Lutheran pastor but broke with the church in the early 1870’s and began to study social questions. He founded a Social Democratic association in Amsterdam in 1878; this marked the beginning of the organized socialist movement in the Netherlands. He also published the first Dutch socialist newspaper, Recht voor Allen. Nieuwenhuis corresponded with K. Marx and F. Engels. In 1882 he published Karl Marx: Capital and Labor, a brief, popularized exposition of the first volume of Marx’ Kapital, written in Dutch.

Nieuwenhuis was a parliamentary deputy from 1888 to 1891 and headed the Dutch delegations to the congresses of the Second International from 1889 to 1896. He adopted anarchist views during the 1890’s, and at the 1891 and 1893 congresses of the Second International proposed a general strike in response to any declaration of war by the bourgeois governments, rather than a day-to-day struggle against militarism. He came out against the proletariat’s use of parliament and against party discipline. In 1896 the London congress expelled Nieuwenhuis from the Second International. He took a pacifist stance during World War I (1914–18) and welcomed the Great October Socialist Revolution in Russia.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Such an exploration immediately leads to the somewhat singular character of Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis (1846-1919), who led the Dutch socialist movement in the nineteenth century.
Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis was born in Amsterdam in 1846 into a highly respected family, with a long heritage of professors, barristers and preachers.
The Social Democratic Union, like the SDV, took the Gotha Programme as its manifesto, but it was the view of Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis which had the greatest influence on the union.
But, in spite of all, the rise of socialism in The Netherlands would have been unthinkable if not for Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis. Can he also be blamed that, in its original form, it had no success?
Leven and streven van Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis (Domela, a Life on Earth.