Ferdinand Foch

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Foch, Ferdinand

Foch, Ferdinand (fĕrdēnäNˈ fôsh), 1851–1929, marshal of France. A professor at the École de Guerre, he later served (1908–11) as director of that institute. In World War I, he was responsible, with General Joffre and General Gallieni, for halting the German advance at the Marne (1914). He participated in the first battle of Ypres (1915) and that of the Somme (1916); after a brief eclipse, he was appointed (1917) chief of the French general staff. In Apr., 1918, Foch assumed the unified command of the British, French, and American armies. In this capacity, he was perhaps more responsible than any other one man for the victory in 1918.


See B. H. L. Hart, Foch, the Man of Orléans (1932); C. Bugnet, Foch Speaks (tr. 1929).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Foch, Ferdinand


Born Oct. 2, 1851, in Tarbes; died Mar. 20, 1929, in Paris. Marshal of France (1918), field marshal of Great Britain (1919), and marshal of Poland (1923). Member of the Académie Française (1918).

Foch became an artillery officer in 1873. In 1887 he graduated from the Ecole supérieure de Guerre, where he was a professor from 1895 to 1900 and director from 1908 to 1911. At the beginning of World War I, Foch commanded a corps and later the Ninth Army; in 1915 and 1916 he was commander of the Army Group of the North. In May 1917 he was made chief of the General Staff and in April 1918, supreme commander of the Allied forces. Foch played an important role in the Allies’ victory over the coalition of the Central Powers. From 1918 to 1920 he was one of the active organizers of military intervention in Soviet Russia. Foch was the author of works on military theory, and he wrote his memoirs.


O vedenii voiny, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1937. (Translated from French.)
Vospominaniia (Voina 1914–1918 gg.). Moscow, 1939. (Translated from French.)


Gaquère, C. F. Vie populaire du maréchal Foch. Arras, 1955.
Grasset, A. Foch ou la volonté de vaincre. Paris, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Adolf Hitler sat in the same seat that Ferdinand Foch sat in 1918 and took the carriage back to Germany to put it on display.
Ferdinand Foch, second from right, outside his railway carriage in the forest of Compiegne on November 11, 1918
(50) Ferdinand Foch, The Memoirs of Marshal Foch, trans.
Events include: | | A ceremony on March 26 at the equestrian statue of Generalissimo Ferdinand Foch at Lower Grosvenor Gardens, Victoria, London, marking his appointment as Supreme Allied Commander on the Western Front.
As Canadian citizen Donald MacLeod points out, there are many proper reasons why Australia and Canada should posthumously promote both Currie and Monash to the rank of field marshal this year, noting the Frenchman Ferdinand Foch was so promoted symbolically in July 1919, but also I have an improper reason:
We have pictures of George V, Roi d'Angleterre (1910-1936) Ferdinand Foch, Marshal of France and Generalissimo of the Allied Armies, Woodrow Wilson, 28th President of the USA (1913-1921), and Albert I, King of the Belgians (1909-1934).
Nick Lloyd surveys this shattered landscape then begins a splendid account of the Allied counterattacks, the decisive, war-winning "hundred days" that began with Ferdinand Foch's bold counterattack toward Soissons in July.
did French general Ferdinand Foch become professor of strategy at the Ecole Superieure de Guerre?
Marshal Ferdinand Foch, France's top military leader declared, "The airplane is all very well for sport, but useless for the army." That assessment--at least for the French--changed in record time.
"THE MOST powerful weapon on earth is the human soul on fire,'' said Ferdinand Foch.
For instance Marshal Ferdinand Foch the French top commander came up with absurd math on the 1:2 advantage of the attacker since the attacking force will have double the number of rifles and could fire more rounds than the defender.
Ferdinand Foch, second from right, seen outside his railway carriage in the forest of Compi?.