Ferenc Szálasi

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Szálasi, Ferenc


Born Jan. 6, 1897, in Kassa; died Mar. 12, 1946, in Budapest. Hungarian political figure.

The son of a soldier, Szálasi became an officer and from 1925 to 1930 he was attached to the general staff. In 1935 he founded the fascist party of National Will. Accused of anti-Horthy activity, he was imprisoned from 1938 to 1940. Szálasi was the leader of the Nazi Arrow Cross Party (see NYILASISTS). In August 1944 he planned, with the support of the Hitlerites, to seize power so as to prevent Hungary from withdrawing from World War II. Szálasi was in power as “leader of the country” from October 1944 to March 1945 in the parts of Hungary that had not been liberated from the fascist German occupation forces. In 1946 the Hungarian People’s Tribunal sentenced him to death as a war criminal.


Pushkash, A. I. Vengriia v gody vtoroi mirovoi voiny. Moscow, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Germans and their vicious Hungarian Arrow Cross allies, led by Ferenc Szalasi, took power.
Ferenc Szalasi, the leader of Hungary's wartime fascist Arrow Cross party, espoused the existence of a "Turanian-Hungarian" race.
Karsai, Laszlo, Ferenc Szalasi, chef du mouvement des Croix flechees hongrois (1897-1946), in Traian Sandu (ed.
1) Laszlo Karsai, Ferenc Szalasi, chef du mouvement des Croix flechees hongrois (1897-1946), in Traian Sandu (ed.
17) Ferenc Szalasi, A magyar allam felepftesenek terve.
With the liberating Soviet army already closing in from the east, Eichmann's cause was assisted by Ferenc Szalasi and his ultra-Nazi Arrow Cross government of misfits and thugs the Germans installed as a last-minute gamble to forestall defeat.
The Arrow Cross, an ultra-right-wing political party founded by Ferenc Szalasi, a cashiered army officer, was relatively insignificant in the late 1930s and early '40s, until Regent Miklos Horthy, Hungary's head of state, decided to cut his alliance with Nazi Germany and withdraw from the war with the Soviet Union.