Fergana


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Related to Fergana: Ferghana

Fergana

or

Ferghana

(both: fyĕrgənä`), city (1989 pop. 200,373), capital of Fergana region, E Uzbekistan, in the Fergana Valley. The marketing center of a large oasis area, it has silk, cotton, and artificial fiber industries. Oil, coal, and uranium ore lie in the area. Founded in 1876 by the Russians as Novy Margelan, the city was renamed (1907) Skobelev and later (1924) Fergana.

Fergana

 

a historical region in Middle Asia, in the area of the Fergana Basin. It was one of the first regions to support a culture of settled land cultivators, which emerged in the Bronze Age (seeDAL’VERZIN SETTLEMENT). Cotton was first grown in Fergana at the turn of the Common Era. In the eighth century it was conquered by the Arabs, after which it belonged to a succession of Middle Asian kingdoms. In the second half of the 18th century, Fergana separated from the Bukhara Khanate and formed the nucleus of the Kokand Khanate. After the khanate was abolished in 1876, Fergana was incorporated into the Russian Empire.

REFERENCES

Bernshtam, A. N. Drevniaia Fergana. Tashkent, 1951. (Contains bibliography.)
Zadneprovskii, Iu. A. Drevnezemledel’cheskaia kul’tura Fergany. (Masterialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, no. 118.) Moscow-Leningrad, 1962.
Gorbunova, N. G. V drevnei Fergane. Tashkent, 1972.

Fergana

 

(prior to 1910, Novyi Margelan; from 1910 to 1924, Skobelev), a city and administrative center of Fergana Oblast, Uzbek SSR. Located at an elevation of 580 m above sea level, in the southern part of the Fergana Valley, where the Skakhimardan River forms an alluvial fan. Railroad station. Population, 132,000 (1976; 9,000 in 1897, 14,000 in 1926, 36,000 in 1939, 72,000 in 1959,111,000 in 1970).

Fergana was founded in 1877 on the territory of the former Kokand Khanate as the administrative center of Fergana Oblast. In 1918 it became part of the Turkestan ASSR, and in 1924, part of the Uzbek SSR; in 1938 it became the administrative center of the newly formed Fergana Oblast.

Fergana is the largest industrial city in the Fergana Valley and the second largest industrial city in the republic, after Tashkent. The main branches of industry are the chemical industry, represented by petroleum refineries and plants producing nitrogen fertilizers, synthetic fibers, and furan compounds, and light industry, represented by a cotton-ginning mill, textile and artificial-leather combines, and silk-winding, footwear, and garment factories. Other major industries are the building-materials industry, which includes a wood-products plant, a plant producing rein-forced-concrete products, and a prefabricated-housing combine, and the food-processing industry, represented by a large vegetable-oil and fat combine, bread-baking plant, flour mill, cannery, two milk plants, and other enterprises. The city also has the Gazoapparat Plant and a district heat and power plant.

Fergana has pedagogical and polytechnical institutes, a branch of the Tashkent Agricultural Institute, light industry, petroleum, and industrial technicums, a secondary specialized polytechnic, cooperatives, and a music school. Cultural institutions include an Uzbek theater of musical drama and comedy and a Russian dramatic theater. The city has a museum of local lore, created in 1896 as a museum of the Turkestan division of the Russian Geographical Society.

REFERENCES

Gowda Ferganskoi doliny, 2nd ed. Tashkent, 1963.
Gowda Uzbekistana. Tashkent, 1965.
Tukhtasinov, I. Fergana. Tashkent, 1969.

G. R. ASANOV

Fergana

, Ferghana
1. a region of W central Asia, surrounded by high mountains and accessible only from the west; mainly in Uzbekistan and partly in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan
2. the chief city of this region, in E Uzbekistan. Pop.: 230 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Chinese side fears that the Chinese Uyghurs, who are fighting along with terrorists [in the Middle East], can cross into China through Afghanistan and become a headache for the Chinese authorities," an unnamed source said to Fergana News Agency.
Some of the images on display at the exhibition showcase his wide repertoire, ranging from intimate to monumental; education of women and children; construction of large-scale projects such as the Great Fergana Canal; artists at work creating traditional artwork etc.
For good measure it provides insight into two events that cross the Fergana Valley borders between Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan--a 2005 massacre in the Uzbek border town of Andijan, and riots in 2010 in the Kyrgyz border town of Osh, the latter involving Kyrgyz on Uzbek violence.
26) The cotton planters of Tashkent district, however, rejected these provisions, either because they considered this subsidy insufficient in absolute terms, or because they were looking for distinct privileges to overcome competition from native planters who, in Fergana and elsewhere, were cultivating cotton at lower cost.
1% stake in Uz- Texaco, a Fergana, Uzbekistan-based blending joint venture with state-owned Uzbekneftgaz, for an undisclosed price.
Several news sites, including regional portals Fergana.
The agreement between the CNPC's China National Corporation for Exploration and Development of Oil and Gas (CNODC) and UNG's National Holding Company (NHC) for exploration in the five investment blocks within the Ustyurt, Bukhara-Khiva and Fergana oil and gas, was signed in June 2006.
Fergana Valley: The Heart of Central Asia is a remarkable volume that offers a very comprehensive and interesting study on the political and social life of the Fergana Valley and the three countries that include parts of it, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as Central Asia in general.
YUKI Bhambri's consistent efforts on the circuit finally paid off as he clinched his maiden ATP Challenger singles title at Fergana in Uzbekistan on Sunday.
Born in Fergana, Uzbekistan, Darkin has come late to British racing - he turns 38 next month - but has already shown his class and experience in Leicester's early matches.
Moroso gave Art of Form exclusive access to sell their new Fergana couch before it's presented at the furniture fair in Milan mid April, as has Missoni Home, whose new collection will also be presented at the famed Salone Milan fair.
With Hamas being EMB's fighting offshoot and now ruling the Gaza Strip, HuT is increasingly more active in the multi-ethnic and impoverished Fergana Valley, which spills across the borders of Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan, and Kyrgyzstan.