Ferhat Abbas


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Abbas, Ferhat

 

Born Aug. 24, 1899. An Algerian political figure and statesman. A pharmacist by profession.

In 1938, Abbas founded the “Algerian National Union,” which opposed the colonial regime and stood for complete equality of Algerians and Frenchmen. He headed the moderately nationalistic organizations “Friends of the Manifesto and Freedom” (1944–45) and the “Democratic Union of the Algerian Manifesto” (1946–56), which struggled for the autonomy of Algeria in a commonwealth federation with France. In 1956 he openly joined the National Liberation Front (FLN—Front de Liberation Nationale); in 1956–58 he was accepted into the leading bodies of the FLN. Abbas was appointed president of the provisional government of the Algerian Republic in 1958–61. In 1962—63 he became the president of the national assembly. In 1963 he retired from public affairs as a result of his disagreement with the internal politics of the government—he had come out for the introduction of bourgeois parliamentarism and against the one-party system. Abbas was then expelled from the ranks of the FLN and retired from active political life.

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(1) Laboratory of Amelioration and Development of Vegetable and Animal, Faculty of Nature Life Sciences, Ferhat Abbas University Setif-1, 19000 Setif, Algeria
(1) Laboratory of Applied Biochemistry, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University Ferhat Abbas, Setif, Algeria
"Condamne a mort, le defunt moudjahid qui subit les affres de la torture, a su resister et faire preuve d'un courage heroique durant ses 17 ans de detention sans proces aucun", a poursuivi le President Bouteflika."Le defunt a ete transfere de la prison d'El Koudia a d'autres prisons dont celles de Tazoult, d'El Harrach et d'autres, ou il fit la connaissance de plusieurs symboles de la Revolution, a l'instar de Ferhat Abbas, Ahmed Francis et autres", a ajoute le chef de l'Etat.
Byline: Abdul Samad, Ferhat Abbas, Zafar Ahmad, Olena Pokryrshko and Tauseef M Asmat
May the sacrifices and legacies of Chris Hani, Patrice Lumumba, Kwame Nkrumah, Gamal Abdul Nasser, Carlos Cardoso, Fatima Ahmed Ibrahim, Samora Machel, John Garang, Steve Biko, Ferhat Abbas, Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti, Thomas Sankara, and Amilcar Cabral, among too many others, inspire you to speak out against injustice whenever and wherever you encounter it.
En deployant l'embleme national, en scandant le nom de Ferhat Abbas alors president du gouvernement provisoire de la Republique algerienne (GPRA) et en affrontant les forces de repression, les Algeriens, dont de nombreuses femmes et enfants, ont releve la tete.
The place had been blocked of by the police, and was filled with reporters and political activists who had been witnessing the installation of Ferhat Abbas as prime minister of the Algerian Provisional Government in exile.
Si le rapport n'a consacrUu[c] que peu dae1/4aoespace Uu la "fUu[c]rocitUu[c]" de la rUu[c]pression contre les AlgUu[c]riens, il dresse, nUu[c]anmoins, un tableau sur la situation qui prUu[c]valait avant le dUu[c]but des massacres et l'atmosphUuA re "insurrectionnelle" qui rUu[c]gnait en AlgUu[c]rie oUua "le dUu[c]sir dae1/4aoUu[c]mancipation s'Uu[c]tait clairement exprimUu[c] depuis la remise en 1943 par Ferhat Abbas du Manifeste du peuple algUu[c]rien auxautoritUu[c]s franUuA*aises.
(1) Laboratory of Applied Microbiology, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Natural and life Sciences, University Ferhat Abbas, 19000, Setif, Algeria.
Si le rapport n'a consacre que peu d'espace a la "ferocite" de la repression contre les Algeriens, il dresse, neanmoins, un tableau sur la situation qui prevalait avant le debut des massacres et l'atmosphere "insurrectionnelle" qui regnait en Algerie ou "le desir d'emancipation s'etait clairement exprime depuis la remise en 1943 par Ferhat Abbas du Manifeste du peuple algerien auxautorites francaises.