Fernández de Lizardi, José Joaquín

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Fernández de Lizardi, José Joaquín

(hōsā` hwäkēn` fārnän`dās dā lēsär`dē), 1776–1827, Mexican journalist, novelist, and dramatist, known by his pseudonym El Pensador Mexicano. His early liberalism, revealed in satiric poetry, put him at odds with the censors. His most revered fiction is the picaresque novel El Periquillo Sarniento (1816–30, tr. The Itching Parrot, 1942), considered by many to be the first Hispanic-American novel. It is a sardonic account of the decadent court of the Mexican viceroys.

Fernández de Lizardi, José Joaquín

 

(pen name, el Pensador Mexicano). Born Nov. 15, 1776, in Mexico City; died there June 21, 1827. Mexican writer.

Fernández de Lizardi was the first Mexican prose writer. An adherent of the French Enlightenment, he founded the journal El Pensador Mexicano in 1812. He is the author of the first Latin-American novel, The Itching Parrot (1830–31; Russian translation, 1964). This work, derived from the picaresque novel, satirically depicts colonial society and reflects the national awareness of the Mexican people. Fernández de Lizardi’s other works include Miss Quixote and Her Cousin (1831–32), which is a moralizing novel written in the spirit of J.-J. Rousseau, the collection Fables of el Pensador Mexicano (1817), and the novella Don Catrín de la Fachenda (published 1832).

WORKS

Obras. Mexico City, 1963.

REFERENCES

Derzhavin, K. “Meksikanskii plutovskoi roman.” In lazyk i literatura, vol. 5. Leningrad, 1930.
Kuteishchikova, V. N. “Osnovopolozhnik meksikanskoi literatury Fernandez Lisardi.” Izv. AN SSSR: OLIA, 1961, vol. 20, 2nd ed.
Kuteishchikova, V. N. Meksikanskii roman. [Moscow, 1971.]
Spell, J. R. The Life and Works of J. J. Fernández de Lizardi. Philadelphia, 1931.

S. P. MAMONTOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Fernandez de Lizardi, Jose Joaquin, La educacion de las mujeres, o La Quijotita y su prima.
Fernandez de Lizardi, Jose Joaquin, Obras XIII-Folletos (1824-1827), Mexico, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 1995.
Fernandez de Lizardi, Jose Joaquin, Obras XI-Folletos (1821-1822), Mexico, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 1991a.
Fernandez de Lizardi, Jose Joaquin, Obras XII-Folletos (1822-1824), Mexico, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 1991b.
Fernandez de Lizardi, Jose Joaquin, Obras V-Periodicos, Mexico, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 1973.
Fernandez de Lizardi, Jose Joaquin. La Quijotitay su prima; historia muy cierta con apariencias de novela.
"Fernandez de Lizardi, Jose Joaquin." Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment.
En Fernandez de Lizardi, Jose Joaquin. El Pensador Mexicano.
(9) Fernandez de Lizardi, Jose Joaquin. ObrasX Folletos (1811-1820).