Fernández de Lizardi, José Joaquín

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Fernández de Lizardi, José Joaquín

(hōsā` hwäkēn` fārnän`dās dā lēsär`dē), 1776–1827, Mexican journalist, novelist, and dramatist, known by his pseudonym El Pensador Mexicano. His early liberalism, revealed in satiric poetry, put him at odds with the censors. His most revered fiction is the picaresque novel El Periquillo Sarniento (1816–30, tr. The Itching Parrot, 1942), considered by many to be the first Hispanic-American novel. It is a sardonic account of the decadent court of the Mexican viceroys.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fernández de Lizardi, José Joaquín

 

(pen name, el Pensador Mexicano). Born Nov. 15, 1776, in Mexico City; died there June 21, 1827. Mexican writer.

Fernández de Lizardi was the first Mexican prose writer. An adherent of the French Enlightenment, he founded the journal El Pensador Mexicano in 1812. He is the author of the first Latin-American novel, The Itching Parrot (1830–31; Russian translation, 1964). This work, derived from the picaresque novel, satirically depicts colonial society and reflects the national awareness of the Mexican people. Fernández de Lizardi’s other works include Miss Quixote and Her Cousin (1831–32), which is a moralizing novel written in the spirit of J.-J. Rousseau, the collection Fables of el Pensador Mexicano (1817), and the novella Don Catrín de la Fachenda (published 1832).

WORKS

Obras. Mexico City, 1963.

REFERENCES

Derzhavin, K. “Meksikanskii plutovskoi roman.” In lazyk i literatura, vol. 5. Leningrad, 1930.
Kuteishchikova, V. N. “Osnovopolozhnik meksikanskoi literatury Fernandez Lisardi.” Izv. AN SSSR: OLIA, 1961, vol. 20, 2nd ed.
Kuteishchikova, V. N. Meksikanskii roman. [Moscow, 1971.]
Spell, J. R. The Life and Works of J. J. Fernández de Lizardi. Philadelphia, 1931.

S. P. MAMONTOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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