Fernando Ortiz


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Ortiz, Fernando

 

(also F. Ortiz y Fernández). Born June 16, 1881, in Havana; died there Apr. 11, 1969. Cuban scholar. Specialist in history, ethnology, sociology, and folklore.

Ortiz was educated at the universities of Madrid, Barcelona, and Havana. From 1915 to 1925 he was a member of the House of Deputies. In 1910 he became the editor of the journal Revista bimestre cubana (Cuban Bimonthly Review). In 1924 he founded the journal Archivos del folklore cubano (Archives of Cuban Folklore). He served as its editor until 1929.

Ortiz was the founder of Cuban ethnology. In 1926 he organized the Spanish-Cuban Cultural Society, and in 1937, the Society for Afro-Cuban Studies. From 1942 he taught a course at the University of Havana on the ethnology of Cuba. In 1945, Ortiz became president of the Cuban-Soviet Cultural Institute. In 1959 he became a member of the National Commission on the Cuban Academy of Sciences. His principal works deal with the contributions of the Negroes to Cuba’s racial composition and culture.

WORKS

Hampa afro-cubana: Los negros esclavos. Havana, 1916.
La crisis política Cubana. Havana, 1919.
Contrapunteo cubano del Tabaco y el Azúcar. Havana, 1940.
Historia de una pelea cubana contra los demonios. Havana, 1960.
Bohemia, 1969, no. 16. (Contains a list of Ortiz’ works.)

REFERENCE

Cuba, 1969, nos. 7, 12.
References in periodicals archive ?
In his foundational essay "Los factores humanos de la cubanidad" (The human factors of Cubanness), Cuban anthropologist Fernando Ortiz wrote what has become one of the most succinct and oft-quoted definitions of Cuban culture: "Cuba," Ortiz wrote, "is an ajiaco',' that is, a hearty stew (think goulash) whose principal ingredients, among others, consist of pork, beef, sometimes chicken, plantains, yuca, malanga (taro), sweet potato, corn, garlic, onion, tomato, and aji, the sweet perennial pepper from which this most Cuban of dishes derives its name.
Fernando Ortiz on Music: Selected Writing on Afro-Cuban Culture
Asimismo, desde una perspectiva latinoamericanista--en especial--aludimos a nociones filosoficas, sociologicas y politicas trabajadas por Fernando Ortiz en su obra Contrapunteo cubano del tabaco y del azucar (1940), que facilitan repensar las posibilidades de lo transcultural, entendiendo--hoy en dia, mas que nunca--la complejidad como inherente a la vida.
The book's title, The Specter of Races, comes from a term coined by Cuban historian and anthropologist Fernando Ortiz (33) to signal at once the unreal nature of race as a social convention not based in science, and its persistence as a "dangerous idea" (33).
A la luz de trabajos como En donde sale el sol, es importante revisar las discusiones entre Fernando Ortiz, el proto antropologo cubano, autor de Contrapunto del Tabaco y del Azucar, Bronislaw Malinowski, el antropologo britanico, y Gonzalo Aguirre Beltran, el teorico mexicano del indigenismo asimilacionista.Justo en el contexto de esa discusion, Fernando Ortiz, apoyado por Malinowski, opuso el concepto de transculturacion al de aculturacion defendido y desarrollado por Gonzalo Aguirre Beltran.
En "Los factores humanos de la cubanidad", una conferencia que Fernando Ortiz leyo en la Universidad de La Habana en 1949, hay un apartado que traza la historia del ensayo como genero y que le sirve al autor para ubicar su propia produccion ensayistica.
Bottom, it was a hectic night for the two international officials, Frenchman Radouen Foudhaili and Spaniard Fernando Ortiz.