Fernando Pessoa

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pessoa, Fernando


Born June 13, 1888, in Lisbon; died there Sept. 30, 1935. Portuguese poet.

Pessoa entered the faculty of philology at the University of Lisbon in 1905. He did not complete his studies there but devoted himself to journalism and literature. In 1915 he became the head of Orpheu, a group of modernist poets. During Pessoa’s life only one of his verse collections, Mensagem (1933), was published. Posthumously such collections as Poesias de Álvaro de Campos (1944), Poemas de Alberto Caeiro (1946), and Odes de Ricardo Reis (1946) appeared.

Pessoa’s poetic mastery and his ability to convey the most subtle nuances of thought and feeling made him one of the most important Portuguese poets.


Obras completas, vols. 1-5. Lisbon, 1942–46.
Obra poética. Rio de Janeiro, 1960.


Prado Coelho, J. do. Diversidade e unidade en Fernando Pessoa. Lisbon, 1949.
Simõ es, J. G. Vida e obra de Fernando Pessoa, vols. 1-2. Lisbon [1950].
Silva, A. da. Um Fernando Pessoa. Portalegre, 1959.
Moreira Duarte, J. A. Fernando Pessoa e os caminhos da solidão. Belo Horizonte, 1968.
Sacramento, M. F. Pessoa—poeta da hora absurda, 2nd ed. Porto, 1970.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(67) Serrao Joel Fernando Pessoa Cidadao do Imaginario, p.
Acknowledgment: The support from Fundacao Fernando Pessoa and Nova Southeastern University is gratefully acknowledged.
With the present issue--to all intents and purposes a book-length volume, reviewing and contributing to the state of the Art on Pessoan studies through a reflection on the present and future research on his literary estate--the journal, in its first fully guest-edited volume, thus marks the 120th anniversary of the birth of Fernando Pessoa. For this, we would like to thank Jeronimo Pizarro and Steffen Dix for their timely and felicitous proposal, the Camara Municipal de Povoa do Varzim, the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Instituto Camoes and the Instituto de Ciencias Sociais for the generous additional subsidies which have made publication of this extended special issue possible.
Fernando Pessoa nasceu em Lisboa, a 13 de Junho de 1888 e morreu, tambem em Lisboa, a 30 de Novembro de 1935.
Fernando Pessoa 1888-1935 A THOUGHT FOR PESSOA Shall I take you or leave you?
In order to explain what has made her transgress into such dangerous territory, Maria Lisboa quotes a phrase by Alberto Caeiro, one of the four heteronyms of the Portuguese poet, Fernando Pessoa (1888-1935), one of the greatest in Portuguese literature: 'How difficult it is to be oneself and see nothing except what is visible'.
Fernando Pessoa and Nineteenth-Century Anglo-American Literature.
The texts for the album Longe are chosen from the works of the Portuguese poet Fernando Pessoa and are sung in the original with the exception of two sung in English.
Organized by the CTEC--Center for Transdisciplinary Studies on Consciousness--at the University Fernando Pessoa, this forum will take place in one of the oldest Portuguese cities, Porto, in northern Portugal.
Finally, the last few years have seen the publication of more works by Fernando Pessoa, the strangest and most recent of the great modernist poets.