Ferrero, Guglielmo(go͞olyĕl`mō fār-rĕ`rō), 1871–1942, Italian man of letters and historian. With his father-in-law, the criminologist Cesare LombrosoLombroso, Cesare
, 1835–1909, Italian criminologist and physician. In 1876 he published a pamphlet setting forth his theory of the origin of criminal traits. In the study, later enlarged into the famous L'uomo delinquente (5th ed., 3 vol., 1896–97; partial tr.
..... Click the link for more information. , he collaborated in the writing of La donna delinquente (1893, tr. The Female Offender, 1895). His interest in psychology and sociology permeates his writings. An outspoken critic of Fascism, Ferrero was exiled by Benito Mussolini and became (1930) professor of history at the Univ. of Geneva, Switzerland, where he died. Among his numerous works the best-known deal with Roman history, notably The Greatness and Decline of Rome (5 vol., 1902–7, tr. 1907–9).
Born July 21, 1871, in Portici; died Aug. 3, 1942, in Geneva. Italian historian and publicist.
Ferrero was a professor at the universities of Turin and Florence. In 1922 he served as a minister in Mussolini’s cabinet. He later became an anti-Fascist and in 1930 emigrated to Geneva, where he obtained a professorship.
Ferrero was the author of a number of works on the history of ancient Rome. Denying the regularities of the historical process, he believed that history was determined by destiny. He gave a more modern interpretation of the economic and social life of antiquity. Much of his research was concentrated on the political struggles in Rome. Ferrero idealized Rome’s expansionist policy in the Mediterranean region.
WORKSLa Ruine de la civilisation antique. Paris .
Roma antica, vols. 1–3. Florence, 1921–22. (WithC. Barbagallo.)
Nouvelle Histoire romaine. [Paris, 1936.]
In Russian translation:
Velichie i padenie Rima, vols. 1–5. Moscow, 1915–23.