ferry

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ferry,

vessel providing passage over a river, lake, or other body of water for passengers, vehicles, or freight; the term is also applied to the place where the crossing is made and, by extension, to overwater train or airplane transit. Ferries were especially important in the days before engineers learned to construct permanent bridges and tunnels across bodies of water. At first most ferries were small boats or rafts, propelled by oars or poles and sometimes assisted by sails. Some ferries today still make short passages by winching themselves back and forth along a chain fastened to the shore on both sides. Other ferries rely on the force of the current against the side of the boat to push the ferry. Most ferries for heavier traffic and longer passages are powered by diesel or diesel-electric engines, such as the largest ferry in the world, the GTS Finnjet; others, such as the Staten Island ferry in New York City, are steam powered. Where railroad bridges are impracticable, there are train ferries; these may use paddle wheels for maneuverability or may simply be barges pushed by tugs. The train ferry that made through service possible between London and Paris after 1936 was largely replaced by the Channel TunnelChannel Tunnel,
popularly called the "Chunnel," a three-tunnel railroad connection running under the English Channel, connecting Folkestone, England, and Calais, France. The tunnels are 31 mi (50 km) long. There are two rail tunnels, each 25 ft (7.
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 in 1994. An innovation during the latter half of the 20th cent. was the "fast ferry," high-speed ferries that have become an important component of transportation systems around the globe. This alternative provides a critical link for commuters and travelers in many world regions. Such passenger-only or combination motor vehicle and passenger ferries are relied upon in coastal ports in Europe, Asia, and Australia. The designs of these ferries incorporate features of catamaranscatamaran
, watercraft made up of two connected hulls or a single hull with two parallel keels. Originally used by the natives of Polynesia, the catamaran design was adopted by Western boat builders in the 19th cent.
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, hydrofoilshydrofoil,
flat or curved finlike device, attached by struts to the hull of a watercraft, that lifts the moving watercraft above the water's surface. The term is often extended to include the vessel itself.
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, and air-cushion vehiclesair-cushion vehicle
(ACV), craft designed to travel close to but above ground or water. It is also called a ground-effect machine or Hovercraft. These vehicles are supported in various ways.
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.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

ferry

[′fer·ē]
(naval architecture)
A boat which carries people, automotive vehicles, or goods across a river or other body of water, usually traveling back and forth on a regular schedule.
(ordnance)
To deliver aircraft or ships by operating them under their own power.
To transport personnel and materiel by air.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

ferry

1. a vessel for transporting passengers and usually vehicles across a body of water, esp as a regular service
2. a legal right to charge for transporting passengers by boat
3. the act or method of delivering aircraft by flying them to their destination
http://routesinternational.com/ships.htm
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Ferris made the Lions squad that went to South Africa four years ago but saw his tour cut short after a knee injury before the first Test.
Although Ferris holds the title of executive director of Oregon Manufactured Homeowners United, most people would be surprised to learn he is now, and always has been, a volunteer.
But how deep does Ferris need to stick the knife into Ann McCabe, the widow of Garda Jerry McCabe, before twisting it once again.
A kitten is fragile during the first five weeks of life, says Ferris. "To make sure each gets enough nutrition to survive, I assist our mother cats by bottle-feeding their kittens for the first weeks if the kittens require it."
Struthers said: "The brazen admissions that Fran Ferris has made to the News of the World, after he has been thrown out of horseracing in disgrace, reinforce the action we have already taken against him.
3rd Place -- Jessica McCarthy, a West Ferris Secondary School student won $100 for her marketing plan "Taxi Mom Service".
This mower adds another hp offering to Ferris' IS 3000 series which also includes a 25 hp air-cooled Kawasaki FH engine and a 27 hp air-cooled Kohler Command gasoline engine, both with 61 in.
In 1967 Ferris returned to school for his graduate work, which was interrupted by the Vietnam war During the war, he served as a commissioned officer on two U.S.
"There's been an explosion of potentially good, exciting ways to prevent or slow Alzheimer's," says Steven Ferris of New York University.
Dean Ferris, aged 25, of Flaunden Close, Allesley Park, appeared in Coventry Magis-trates' Court, yesterday charged with inciting threatening words or behaviour after a fight in Spon End on Saturday, October 13.
I banished my evil twin, Ferris, from my life 12 years ago.