Indeed, polarization in a ferroelectric material
is a function of the applied electric field cycle's numbers.
BNT is a ferroelectric material
having [Bi.sup.3+] and [Na.sup.+] ions on the A-sites of AB[O.sub.3] type perovskite structure with a rhombohedral symmetry.
The thermodynamic equation of a ferroelectric material
may be written as
likewise displays an analogous electrical property called a permanent electric polarisation, which originates from electric dipoles consisting of equal, but oppositely charged ends or poles.
The motivation of this study was to combine the benefit of the soft polymer interlayer to reduce the clamping effect of the matrix with the benefit of the additional polymer shell to adjust the ferroelectric material
volume ratio for different transducer applications by using fibre bundle processing .
Another approach for the application of ferroelectric material
in the biosensor was proposed by Li and coworkers .
Abundance of diverse information on physical and structural properties allegedly allows regarding it as a model ferroelectric material
. However, for a number of reasons it is problematic to agree on the details of the phase transition mechanism.
Oxide ferroelectric material
used in the FRAMs is reduced by hydrogen gas generated during the conventional semiconductor process, and the reaction causes the degradation of the ferroelectricity.