Fert, Albert(älbâr` fâr), 1938– French physicist, b. Carcassonne, France. After receiving his Ph.D. at the Univ. of Paris-Sud in 1970 Fert accepted a teaching position there and headed a research group, becoming a professor in 1976. In 1988 he discovered a physical effect he named giant magnetoresistance (GMR) because tiny changes in a magnetic field produced large changes in electrical resistance. For this discovery, which gave rise to the field of spintronicsspintronics,
science and technology that harnesses the spin state of electrons in addition to the electrical charge state to store data or perform calculations.
..... Click the link for more information. , he shared the 2007 Nobel Prize in physics with Peter GrünbergGrünberg, Peter Andreas
, 1939– German physicist, b. Pilsen, Germany (now Plzeň, Czech Republic). After receiving his Ph.D. at the Darmstadt Univ. of Technology in 1969, he was a postdoctoral fellow of the National Research Council of Canada at Carleton Univ.
..... Click the link for more information. , who had independently discovered GMR. Since 1995 he has served as the scientific director of a joint laboratory between France's National Scientific Research Center and the Thales Group.