Fertile Crescent


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Fertile Crescent,

historic region of the Middle East. A well-watered and fertile area, it arcs across the northern part of the Syrian desert. It is flanked on the west by the Mediterranean and on the east by the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, and includes all or parts of Israel, the West Bank, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq. From antiquity this region was the site of settlements and the scene of bloody raids and invasions.
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Fertile Crescent

an area of fertile land in the Middle East, extending around the Rivers Tigris and Euphrates in a semicircle from Israel to the Persian Gulf, where the Sumerian, Babylonian, Assyrian, Phoenician, and Hebrew civilizations flourished
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Scan 6[degrees] east of the Fertile Crescent to pick up NGC 2301.
More DNA from ancient people east of the Fertile Crescent is needed to confirm that people spread from Iran eastward, says anthropologist Christina Papageorgopoulou of the Democritus University of Thrace in Greece.
spontaneum) is still widely distributed along the Fertile Crescent, particularly in the driest areas (Harlan and Zohary 1966).
'There was very early winemaking in Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Crimea, Armenia and Moldava, but all evidence points to at least 6,000 BCE, if not before, for the first propagation of wine grapes--in Georgia--in the Fertile Crescent.
The Neolithic: a deep revolution in human societies Agricultural and husbandry practices originated around 12,000 years ago in a region of the Near East known as the Fertile Crescent. This phenomenon, known as "Neolithic," meant a profound social, cultural and economic transformation of human populations (agricultural production, sedentary farming lifestyle, origin of the first cities and modern societies, etc.).
Evolving over a seven-year period, The Fertile Crescent: Gender, Art, and Society includes works by twenty-five artists, and the programs involved numerous individuals and institutions, including Rutgers and Princeton Universities.
Moreover, they boast a rich culture and history that includes the Fertile Crescent, the Pyramids of Giza, the monumental architecture of Andalusia, and the ever famous mosaic designs of Morocco.
Iraq and Syria have been described as the pillars of the Arab Fertile Crescent. Both countries, however, are in a state of intractable conflict and instability.
But the big question is whether a nuclear deal with Iran will cool the rapidly intensifying Sunni-Shia conflict that threatens to suck in the whole of the Fertile Crescent and the Arabian Peninsula.
Formerly neglected and emerging voices from the region are now circulating in the international art market thanks to both a surge of private galleries, art fairs, biennials, and museums opening in the Middle East and a swell of interest in the West, as evidenced by exhibitions (albeit problematically titled ones) such as "Unveiled: New Art from the Middle East" at Saatchi Gallery in 2009; "Light from the Middle East: New Photography" at the Victoria and Albert Museum in 2012-13; "The Fertile Crescent: Gender, Art and Society," organized by the Rutgers Institute for Women and Art in 2012; and "Come Invest in Us.
Second, with the end of the Ba'ath regime in Iraq and the advent of the "Arab Spring", the Fertile Crescent (comprising three mixed sectarian weak states, Syria, Iraq and Lebanon) has grown more susceptible to the neoimperial ambitions of these periphery powers.