birth rate

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birth rate:

see vital statisticsvital statistics,
primarily records of the number of births and deaths in a population. Other factors, such as number of marriages and causes of death, by age groups, are regularly included.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

birth rate

the number of live births per 1000 people of all ages in one year. In post-World War II UK the birth rate rose until the mid-1960s and has since declined. Since 1951 the highest birth rate was in 1964 with 18.8 live births per 1000 people, and the lowest was in 1977 with 11.7 live births per 1000 people.

The overall birth rate is sometimes referred to as the crude birth rate. Various other ‘age specific measures of the rate can be calculated to provide more reliable projections of POPULATION trends. There is some suggestion that birth rate changes may be related to economic cycles, but this is not a simple relationship. Variables affecting birth rate, including length of marriage, the age structure of the population and contraceptive methods used, interact in a complex manner with economic factors. See also DEATH RATE, FERTILITY, DEMOGRAPHY, FECUNDITY. DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION, POPULATION.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000

birth rate

[′bərth ‚rāt]
The ratio between the number of live births and a specified number of people in a population over a given period of time.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Total fertility rate was highest in France (1.90 births per woman), followed by Sweden (1.78), Ireland (1.77), Denmark (1.75) and the United Kingdom (1.74).
Published as part of the Medlab Market Report series ahead of Medlab 2019, set to take place from February 4 to 7 at the Dubai World Trade Centre, the report shows that overall fertility rates have decreased from seven children per women in 1960 to just three in 2017.
The study found that increased exposure to lead lowered the general fertility rate for women of childbearing age (15 to 44 years).
As an aside, it's worth noting that these World Bank estimates of total fertility rates tend to err on the high side -- the CIA, which also tracks fertility, places Pakistan's number all the way down at 2.62.
THE fertility rate for women aged 40 and over has risen above that for the under-20s for the first time since 1947.
In the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, 'mortality rates broadly declined at a similar pace,' Mapa said, but fertility rates dropped slowly in the Philippines, from 7 percent in 1960 to 3 percent in 2013.
While on the one hand, in most countries, an increase is recorded in life expectancy and the share of the elderly, on the other hand, the decrease is recorded in total fertility rates, the decline in natural population growth and fertility of female adolescents and infant mortality rates.
Fertility rates have been declining in East and Southeast Asia, and the trend in China has mirrored that of its neighbors.
376) estimated that women born in 1975 might reach completed fertility rates of 1.2-1.3 births by the end of their childbearing years in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland.
As with most measures of demographics and economic activity, there is substantial geographic variation in fertility rates. In the maps below, regional fertility rates are averaged from 2009 to 2013.
The report emphasized that figures in the west of the Marmara region, which is 1.61 children per woman, are approaching the rates of Austria, with one of the lowest fertility rates in the world at 1.4 children per woman.