Feuillants


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Feuillants: Marat, Danton

Feuillants

(föyäN`), political club of the French Revolution. It emerged in July, 1791, when those JacobinsJacobins
, political club of the French Revolution. Formed in 1789 by the Breton deputies to the States-General, it was reconstituted as the Society of Friends of the Constitution after the revolutionary National Assembly moved (Oct., 1789) to Paris.
..... Click the link for more information.
 who opposed a petition for the dethronement of the king split off and began to meet at the former Feuillant convent. Its chief member was Antoine BarnaveBarnave, Antoine Pierre Joseph Marie
, 1761–93, French revolutionary. A member of the States-General of 1789 from Grenoble, he was a brilliant speaker and leader of the Jacobins.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The Feuillants advocated a constitutional monarchy. In Mar., 1792, GirondistsGirondists
or Girondins
, political group of moderate republicans in the French Revolution, so called because the central members were deputies of the Gironde dept. Girondist leaders advocated continental war.
..... Click the link for more information.
 helped overthrow the Feuillant ministry, which opposed war against Austria. From then on, the Feuillants were identified with the royalists and aristocrats and, after the fall (Sept., 1792) of the monarchy, were suppressed by the Jacobins.

Feuillants

 

members of a political club in Paris founded in July 1791, during the French Revolution. The group was named after the site of its meetings, a room at the Abbey of Feuillants; the full name was the Society of Friends of the Constitution, Meeting at the Feuillants’.

The Feuillant Club was composed of members of the big bourgeoisie who supported a constitutional monarchy and members of the liberal aristocracy who had left the Jacobin Club after its adoption on July 16, 1791, of a petition demanding the overthrow of the king. A. Barnave, A. Lameth, and A. Duport played a leading role among the Feuillants. At the open legislative meeting of the Feuillants on Oct. 1, 1791, the group’s right wing gained a dominant position. Representing the interests of the big bourgeoisie, it attacked the republic and called for the strengthening of the constitutional monarchy within the framework of the Constitution of 1791. After the overthrow of the monarchy on Aug. 10, 1792, the Feuillant Club ceased to exist.

The term “Feuillants” is also frequently used in the literature for a group of constitutional monarchists between 1789 and 1791, when the Feuillant Club had not yet been founded.

References in periodicals archive ?
Regarding the formation of the Feuillants, Roland writes "La faction regnante, ne redoutant rien que l'opinion et l'influence des Jacobins pour la former, vient d'elever un autre club au Feuillants, afin de balancer cette influence, La division se fomente dans les gardes nationales; cet etat est violent, et il doit necessairement conduire a une rupture eclatante.
The half-brother to Persian Punch looked beaten halfway up the straight in the Prix des Feuillants at Longchamp last month before rallying to get up close home.
IIT looks as if Persian Punch's courage may run in the family, given the way Sheikh Mohammed's Grand Bahama won the Prix des Feuillants at Longchamp last Saturday.
70) His expressed motive for joining the Feuillants was that "he wanted to retire from [the world] .
The effect upon Ravaillac of this rejection and expulsion from the Feuillants was devastating.
Cast out from the Feuillants, Ravaillac returned to his previous employment as praticien, but his grasp even on that lowly rung of the social ladder became more precarious than before.
Rejected by the Feuillants, he reacted with tears, not anger.
93) He later returned to the Jesuits, in part to beg Pere d'Aubigny to intercede on his behalf, by persuading his friend the Provincial of the Feuillants to take Ravaillac back.
Ravaillac did not reveal the nature or contents of the visionary experiences which led the Feuillants to expel him from their order, nor did he say whether they began while he was with them.