Feuillants


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Related to Feuillants: Marat, Danton

Feuillants

(föyäN`), political club of the French Revolution. It emerged in July, 1791, when those JacobinsJacobins
, political club of the French Revolution. Formed in 1789 by the Breton deputies to the States-General, it was reconstituted as the Society of Friends of the Constitution after the revolutionary National Assembly moved (Oct., 1789) to Paris.
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 who opposed a petition for the dethronement of the king split off and began to meet at the former Feuillant convent. Its chief member was Antoine BarnaveBarnave, Antoine Pierre Joseph Marie
, 1761–93, French revolutionary. A member of the States-General of 1789 from Grenoble, he was a brilliant speaker and leader of the Jacobins.
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. The Feuillants advocated a constitutional monarchy. In Mar., 1792, GirondistsGirondists
or Girondins
, political group of moderate republicans in the French Revolution, so called because the central members were deputies of the Gironde dept. Girondist leaders advocated continental war.
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 helped overthrow the Feuillant ministry, which opposed war against Austria. From then on, the Feuillants were identified with the royalists and aristocrats and, after the fall (Sept., 1792) of the monarchy, were suppressed by the Jacobins.

Feuillants

 

members of a political club in Paris founded in July 1791, during the French Revolution. The group was named after the site of its meetings, a room at the Abbey of Feuillants; the full name was the Society of Friends of the Constitution, Meeting at the Feuillants’.

The Feuillant Club was composed of members of the big bourgeoisie who supported a constitutional monarchy and members of the liberal aristocracy who had left the Jacobin Club after its adoption on July 16, 1791, of a petition demanding the overthrow of the king. A. Barnave, A. Lameth, and A. Duport played a leading role among the Feuillants. At the open legislative meeting of the Feuillants on Oct. 1, 1791, the group’s right wing gained a dominant position. Representing the interests of the big bourgeoisie, it attacked the republic and called for the strengthening of the constitutional monarchy within the framework of the Constitution of 1791. After the overthrow of the monarchy on Aug. 10, 1792, the Feuillant Club ceased to exist.

The term “Feuillants” is also frequently used in the literature for a group of constitutional monarchists between 1789 and 1791, when the Feuillant Club had not yet been founded.

References in periodicals archive ?
Proliferan los clubs, los jacobinos, los cordeliers, los girondinos, los feuillants. La prensa se mueve con quien mejor le paga.
(34) See Ran Halevi, "Feuillants," in Furet and Ozouf (eds.), Critical Dictionary, p p.
Instead, the argument, is measured in Ramsey's Appendix C (236-46) by a "performativity index of nineteen types of pious requests by testators and seven other "variables of performative behavior," including "indicators of immanence," "use of liturgical time and calendar," and bequests to such new orders as Jesuits, Capuchins, and Feuillants. The mixed nature of Leaguer piety has led Ramsey to compare the wills composed in 1590 with those of pre-Tridentine provenance and also with later testaments reflecting reformist Catholic attitudes.
With this volume Philippe Berthier offers his reader an engaging and amply illustrated foray into the daily life of the characters of the Com,die humaine and their physical environments, whether Paris or the Provinces (or in regular shuttlings between the two) and whether in their salons or out on the terrasse des Feuillants in the Tuileries.
340); the Feuillants were not a 'short-lived' monastic order - they lasted over two centuries, from 1573 to 1791, whereupon their buildings, like those of the Jacobins, found an alternative and more memorable use.
The Legislative Assembly consisted of members of various political clubs, more or less radical, like the Feuillants and the Cordeliers.
Address : Palais De Justice Des Feuillants - 4 Boulevard Du Marchal De Lattre De Tassigny - Cs30527 86000 Poitiers Cedex F
He then took a position at the two-Michelin-starred Le Carre des Feuillants. Next he moved to Alsace to join the kitchen of the Auberge de l'lle,, a restaurant with three Michelin stars.
He began his career at Deauville and then won at Marseille before landing the Prix des Feuillants at Longchamp.
While both moderate and far right deputies in the Assembly wanted to see the king reinstated, the Cordeliers and the Cercle Social called for a republic.(101) The Jacobins would do so in deciding to support a preliminary version the Champs-de-Mars petition, forcing their most conservative members to form their own splinter group, the Feuillants.(102) Things would only become worse with the coming of the revolutionary war in 1792, which divided Brissot and Robespierre, and the September Massacres of 1792, which set the Montagnards against the Brissotins and other moderate members of the increasingly radical assembly.(103)
And in calling Jefferson ill-informed for identifying the Feuillants as Jacobins, O'Brien ignores the wide spectrum of early Jacobinism.
Many of their more moderate members broke off and formed their own clubs, notably the Feuillants. Among the best - known Jacobins are Mirabeau, Robespierre, Danton, and Marat.