Feuillants


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Related to Feuillants: Marat, Danton

Feuillants

(föyäN`), political club of the French Revolution. It emerged in July, 1791, when those JacobinsJacobins
, political club of the French Revolution. Formed in 1789 by the Breton deputies to the States-General, it was reconstituted as the Society of Friends of the Constitution after the revolutionary National Assembly moved (Oct., 1789) to Paris.
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 who opposed a petition for the dethronement of the king split off and began to meet at the former Feuillant convent. Its chief member was Antoine BarnaveBarnave, Antoine Pierre Joseph Marie
, 1761–93, French revolutionary. A member of the States-General of 1789 from Grenoble, he was a brilliant speaker and leader of the Jacobins.
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. The Feuillants advocated a constitutional monarchy. In Mar., 1792, GirondistsGirondists
or Girondins
, political group of moderate republicans in the French Revolution, so called because the central members were deputies of the Gironde dept. Girondist leaders advocated continental war.
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 helped overthrow the Feuillant ministry, which opposed war against Austria. From then on, the Feuillants were identified with the royalists and aristocrats and, after the fall (Sept., 1792) of the monarchy, were suppressed by the Jacobins.

Feuillants

 

members of a political club in Paris founded in July 1791, during the French Revolution. The group was named after the site of its meetings, a room at the Abbey of Feuillants; the full name was the Society of Friends of the Constitution, Meeting at the Feuillants’.

The Feuillant Club was composed of members of the big bourgeoisie who supported a constitutional monarchy and members of the liberal aristocracy who had left the Jacobin Club after its adoption on July 16, 1791, of a petition demanding the overthrow of the king. A. Barnave, A. Lameth, and A. Duport played a leading role among the Feuillants. At the open legislative meeting of the Feuillants on Oct. 1, 1791, the group’s right wing gained a dominant position. Representing the interests of the big bourgeoisie, it attacked the republic and called for the strengthening of the constitutional monarchy within the framework of the Constitution of 1791. After the overthrow of the monarchy on Aug. 10, 1792, the Feuillant Club ceased to exist.

The term “Feuillants” is also frequently used in the literature for a group of constitutional monarchists between 1789 and 1791, when the Feuillant Club had not yet been founded.

References in periodicals archive ?
340); the Feuillants were not a 'short-lived' monastic order - they lasted over two centuries, from 1573 to 1791, whereupon their buildings, like those of the Jacobins, found an alternative and more memorable use.
The Legislative Assembly consisted of members of various political clubs, more or less radical, like the Feuillants and the Cordeliers.
On Saturday, June 3rd, the celebration continued at Halcyon House in Washington's historic Georgetown where 150 philanthropists enjoyed eleven 100-point wines and an eight course, $5,000 a plate dinner prepared by world famous chefs Daniel Bouloud (DANIEL, NYC), Jeffrey Buben (Vidalia and Bistro Bis, Washington, DC), Alain Dutournier (Carre des Feuillants, Paris), Nancy Oakes (Boulevard, San Francisco), Michel Richard (Citronelle, Washington, DC), Frank Ruta (Palena, Washington, DC), and Eric Ziebold (CityZen, Washington, DC), with wine service provided by an incredible cast of sommeliers who flew into Washington from as far away as Seattle.
He then took a position at the two-Michelin-starred Le Carre des Feuillants.
He began his career at Deauville and then won at Marseille before landing the Prix des Feuillants at Longchamp.
101) The Jacobins would do so in deciding to support a preliminary version the Champs-de-Mars petition, forcing their most conservative members to form their own splinter group, the Feuillants.
Regarding the formation of the Feuillants, Roland writes "La faction regnante, ne redoutant rien que l'opinion et l'influence des Jacobins pour la former, vient d'elever un autre club au Feuillants, afin de balancer cette influence, La division se fomente dans les gardes nationales; cet etat est violent, et il doit necessairement conduire a une rupture eclatante.
And in calling Jefferson ill-informed for identifying the Feuillants as Jacobins, O'Brien ignores the wide spectrum of early Jacobinism.
Many of their more moderate members broke off and formed their own clubs, notably the Feuillants.
The half-brother to Persian Punch looked beaten halfway up the straight in the Prix des Feuillants at Longchamp last month before rallying to get up close home.
IIT looks as if Persian Punch's courage may run in the family, given the way Sheikh Mohammed's Grand Bahama won the Prix des Feuillants at Longchamp last Saturday.
70) His expressed motive for joining the Feuillants was that "he wanted to retire from [the world] .