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Feuillants(föyäN`), political club of the French Revolution. It emerged in July, 1791, when those JacobinsJacobins
, political club of the French Revolution. Formed in 1789 by the Breton deputies to the States-General, it was reconstituted as the Society of Friends of the Constitution after the revolutionary National Assembly moved (Oct., 1789) to Paris.
..... Click the link for more information. who opposed a petition for the dethronement of the king split off and began to meet at the former Feuillant convent. Its chief member was Antoine BarnaveBarnave, Antoine Pierre Joseph Marie
, 1761–93, French revolutionary. A member of the States-General of 1789 from Grenoble, he was a brilliant speaker and leader of the Jacobins.
..... Click the link for more information. . The Feuillants advocated a constitutional monarchy. In Mar., 1792, GirondistsGirondists
, political group of moderate republicans in the French Revolution, so called because the central members were deputies of the Gironde dept. Girondist leaders advocated continental war.
..... Click the link for more information. helped overthrow the Feuillant ministry, which opposed war against Austria. From then on, the Feuillants were identified with the royalists and aristocrats and, after the fall (Sept., 1792) of the monarchy, were suppressed by the Jacobins.
members of a political club in Paris founded in July 1791, during the French Revolution. The group was named after the site of its meetings, a room at the Abbey of Feuillants; the full name was the Society of Friends of the Constitution, Meeting at the Feuillants’.
The Feuillant Club was composed of members of the big bourgeoisie who supported a constitutional monarchy and members of the liberal aristocracy who had left the Jacobin Club after its adoption on July 16, 1791, of a petition demanding the overthrow of the king. A. Barnave, A. Lameth, and A. Duport played a leading role among the Feuillants. At the open legislative meeting of the Feuillants on Oct. 1, 1791, the group’s right wing gained a dominant position. Representing the interests of the big bourgeoisie, it attacked the republic and called for the strengthening of the constitutional monarchy within the framework of the Constitution of 1791. After the overthrow of the monarchy on Aug. 10, 1792, the Feuillant Club ceased to exist.
The term “Feuillants” is also frequently used in the literature for a group of constitutional monarchists between 1789 and 1791, when the Feuillant Club had not yet been founded.