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Fès (fĕs) or Fez (fĕz), Arab. Fas, city, N central Morocco. In a rich agricultural region, it is connected by rail to Casablanca, Tangier, and Algeria. The city is noted for its Muslim art and its handicraft industries. It gave its name to the brimless felt caps that were formerly characteristic items of Muslim dress in the Middle East. Fès was the capital of several dynasties and reached its zenith under the Merinid sultans in the mid-14th cent. It declined under the Sa'adi and Filali dynasties, who chose Marrakech as their capital. The ulama, or religious council, of the city often played a role in the selection of the sultans of Morocco.

Fès consists of the still vibrant old city (or medina; founded 808) and the new city (founded 1276), connected by walls. The city has more than 100 mosques; the mosque containing the shrine of Idris II, founder of the old city, is one of the holiest places in Morocco. The Qaraouiyine (or Qarawiyyin) mosque is the center of a Muslim university that was especially influential in the Middle Ages and has one of the world's oldest libraries. Fès is the destination of pilgrims who visit the many tombs of saints and scholars. Nearby are the thermal baths of Sidi Harazem.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(named for Fès, Morocco, where the production of fezzes was widespread), a woolen or felt hat in the shape of a truncated cone, usually with a black or dark blue tassel, which is often interwoven with silver or gold. The fez is worn by men in Morocco, Egypt, Algeria, Turkey, and Southwest Asia and is part of the native dress in some regions of Albania and Greece. It is worn either under a turban or as a separate hat. From 1826 to 1925 a red fez with a black tassel was the official headgear of civil servants and soldiers in Turkey.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The FEZ is being created in the village of Alat on the basis of the presidential decree signed in March 2016.
We shouldn't have these issues anymore," another complained.One of the people at the water source near Fez even considered the situation "a catastrophe" saying that "it would have been understandable if it was a technical issue or the first time such a situation has occurred, but this is the second or third year that this happens.
Han is not the first Kaohsiung mayor to propose the idea of an FEZ in the city.
The construction of the neighboring Karaouine Mosque, built at the same time as the university, marks the start of Fez's Golden Age as the capital of a sprawling empire.
Concluding his visit, Askarov instructed to solve the problems on the Bishkek FEZ immediately.
"One of the major reasons why the divide remains unresolved is that FEZs and municipal governments are attracting investors with similar advantages," he said.
Fez worked in hospitality before "falling into" cabaret.
WHAT'S HAPPENING: Next month Fez comes alive to the sound of the World Sacred Music Festival (May 22-30) with the Atlas Mountains and the city's stunning architecture providing the backdrop for performances by choirs, musicians and poets.
The workshop was attended by Mohammed Rashed Al Zahmi, Head of the Environmental and School Activities Department at the Fujairah Educational Zone (FEZ) and targeted students from the Madhab Secondary School for Girls, Merbeh Secondary School for Girls and Um Al Mumeneen Secondary School for Girls.
Fez Hussain batted well with a knock of 20 but Cleveland eventually succumbed to the Durham attack.
Phil continues in the blog by thanking all the people who have supported him and FEZ, ending almost every paragraph with a variation of 'Thank you for that'.
The truth is, though, that the name for these islands actually comes from a completely different source: the famous Turkish fez cactus.