Fianna Fáil

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Fianna Fáil

(fē`ənə fäl), Irish political party, organized in 1926 by opponents of the Anglo-Irish treaty of 1921 establishing the Irish Free State and setting up Northern Ireland as part of the United Kingdom. Led by Eamon De ValeraDe Valera, Eamon
, 1882–1975, Irish statesman, b. New York City. He was taken as a child to Ireland. As a young man he joined the movement advocating physical force to achieve Irish independence and took part in the Easter Rebellion of 1916.
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, the party gained control of the government in 1932 and pursued a policy of complete political separation from Great Britain. Except for the years 1948–51 and 1954–57, it held power continuously until 1973, when it lost to an alliance of the Fine GaelFine Gael
, Irish political party. Formed in 1933, it was the successor of the party founded by William Cosgrave that held power from the creation of the Irish Free State in 1922 until ousted by the republican Fianna Fáil in 1932.
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 and Labor parties. Fianna Fáil held power again under Jack LynchLynch, Jack
(John Mary Lynch), 1917–99, Irish statesman. Before he embarked on his political career, he gained nationwide fame as an athlete, captaining several winning hurling teams in the 1930s and 40s.
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 (1977–79) and Charles HaugheyHaughey, Charles James
, 1925–2006, Irish politician. A successful accountant and real estate investor, he entered Parliament as a Fianna Fáil member in 1957.
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 (1979–81), but lost once more to the Fine Gael. After a brief return to power under Haughey in 1982, it remained in opposition until 1987, when it once again formed a government under Haughey (after 1989 in coalition with the Progressive Democrats). When scandal forced his resignation in 1992, Albert ReynoldsReynolds, Albert,
1935–2014, Irish political leader. A successful business executive, Reynolds won (1977) a seat in the Irish parliament as a member of the Fianna Fáil party.
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 succeeded him, heading a Fianna Fáil–Labor coalition. Reynolds resigned in 1994, and a Fine Gael–Labor coalition came to power. The party returned to power in 1997 under Bertie AhernAhern, Bertie
(Bartholomew Patrick Ahern) , 1951–, Irish politician, prime minister of the Republic of Ireland (1997–2008). Born into a working-class family, he studied accounting at University College, Dublin.
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, in coalition with the Progressive Democrats until 2009 and with the Greens from 2007 to 2011. When Ahern resigned in 2008, Brian CowenCowen, Brian,
1960– Irish political leader, prime minister of the Repubic of Ireland (2008–11). A lawyer from a family long involved in Fianna Fáil politics, he was first elected to the Irish parliament in 1984, winning his late father's seat.
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 succeeded him as party leader and prime minister. Michael Martin became party leader in 2011, when Fianna Fáil placed third in an election held during a financial crisis. The party regained strength in 2016 and placed second, narrowly behind Fine Gael.
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References in periodicals archive ?
This week Simon "Hapless" Harris was on the ropes over the massive children's hospital overspend and being generally useless and Fianna Fail appeared to be moving in for the kill.
Fianna Fail, currently the main opposition party in the Irish Republic, is expected to unveil a number of other candidates in the time ahead.
Mr Martin said the move comes at long last after Fianna Fail had been thwarted as far back as 2011 when the party had to focus energies on the effects of the recession in the Republic instead.
In the past, histories of Fianna Fail have been hampered by lack of primary sources.
Fianna Fail fell into a distant into third place with just 15.1 percent, its worst-ever result.
Brian Cowen, Ireland's prime minister,hasresignedasleader of the country's ruling Fianna Fail party, but has vowed to stay on as premier until electionsin March.
Finance Minister Mr Cowen, 48, will be formally declared the seventh leader of Fianna Fail at a meeting of the parliamentary party on Wednesday.
Hills - next Taoiseach: 8-15 B Ahern (from 5-4), 6-4 E Kenny (from 4-5), 14 B Cowen, 66 M Hanafin, M Martin, P Rabbitte, 100 B Lenihan, M McDowell; next government: 5-4 Fine Gael/Labour/Green, 15-8 Fianna Fail/Labour; 6 Fine Gael/Labour, 10 Fianna Fail/Green, 12 Fianna Fail/Progressive Democrats, Fianna Fail/Progressive Democrats/Green, Fianna Fail/Sinn Fein, 20 Fianna Fail on their own (maj or min), Fianna Fail/Fine Gael; 33 Fine Gael/Labour/Progressive Democrats; Thursday's general election turnout: 9-2 less than 60 per cent, 11-10 60-65 per cent inclusive, 6-5 higher than 65 per cent; next Fianna Fail leader: 1-2 B Cowen, 7-2 M Martin, 7 M Hanafin, 9 D Aherne, 10 B Lenihan, 16 N Dempsey, 25 E O'Cuiv, 33 J O'Donoghue, 50 W O'Dea, 66 M Coughlan, M Cullen, D Roche, 80 B Andrews.
Initially, it was believed Fianna Fail candidate John Dennehy had been beaten in the Cork South-Central constituency by two votes by independent Kathy Sinnott but last night Mr Dennehy was confirmed to have won by a majority of just six.
With most of the results in, Bertie Ahern's ruling Fianna Fail party looked to be heading for a comfortable victory.
The 1997 election consolidated trends which had been at work in the political system for about fifteen years.[1] Fianna Fail emerged as the largest party, though no longer dominant, while coalition government had now become the norm.
Leo Varadkar has expressed full confidence in Mr Harris so it is now over to Fianna Fail. They must stop protecting him.