Adolf Fick

(redirected from Fick method)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal.

Fick, Adolf


Born Sept. 3, 1829, in Kassel; died Aug. 21, 1901, in Blankenberge, Belgium. German physiologist.

Fick was a professor at the University of Zürich (from 1855) and the University of Würzburg (1868–99). His principal studies were on the thermodynamics of muscle. Fick disproved J. von Liebig’s view that proteins were the only source of energy for muscle activity. He proved the validity of the law of conservation of energy in muscle contraction, developed a method for studying the elastic properties of muscles, and perfected myothermic and myographic apparatus. Fick was also the author of works on the comparative physiology of stimulated tissues, the dioptrics of the eye, color perception, and the physiology of blood circulation. He formulated the principle that is the basis for the methods used to study cardiac output (Fick principle).


Gesammelte Schriften, vols. 1–4. Würzburg, 1903–06.
References in periodicals archive ?
Despite these concerns, the reverse Fick method provides a useful standard to assess bias and accuracy in another method provided that a large enough series of data is collected to reduce the standard error of the mean, and an allowance is made for the presence of lung tissue uptake, which is not measured by the reverse Fick approach.
Measured pulmonary oxygen consumption: difference between systemic oxygen uptake measured by the reverse Fick method and indirect calorimetry in cardiac surgery.
A comparison between the Fick method and indirect calorimetry for determining oxygen consumption in patients with fulminant hepatic failure.