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A genus of tropical trees in the family Moraceae including the rubber tree and the fig tree.
(invertebrate zoology)
A genus of gastropod mollusks having pear-shaped, spirally ribbed sculptured shells.



(fig), a genus of evergreen and, less commonly, deciduous trees and shrubs of the family Moraceae. There are some prostrate and climbing lianas; the latter climb by means of adventitious roots. Arboreal species reach 40 m in height and 3–5 m in diameter; they form massive roots at the base of the trunk. Many species, for example, the banyan (F. bengalensis), begin life as epiphytes and then form adventitious roots that reach the ground and proliferate into strong columnar supports for the massive crown. The aerial roots of certain epiphytic species strangle the host tree by entwining the trunk.

Fig leaves are usually entire; in some species they reach 60–70 cm in length. All parts of the plant contain a milky juice. The flowers, which have a reduced perianth, are small, usually unisexual, and complexly entomophilous. They develop on the internal surface of a spherical or pear-shaped hollow inflorescence that opens at the apex. The inflorescences form on the branches and on the trunks in the leaf axils. Pollination is performed by hymenopterons of the family Agaonidae. After fertilization a collective fruit, known as a syconium, develops. Each simple fruit of the syconium is dry and single-seeded; the walls of the syconium are either dry or juicy. The fruits of some species, for example, the common fig (F. carica) and the sycamore fig (F. sycomorus), are used as food.

There are more than 800 fig species, distributed in the tropics and, to a lesser extent, subtropics of both hemispheres. The plants are particularly widespread in the tropical rain forests of Southeast Asia, the Malay Archipelago, New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands. The milky juice of many species contains rubber, but it is not commercially valuable. The rubber plant (F. elastica), which is native to India and Burma and is raised as a houseplant, has a rubber content of as much as 30 percent.

Several fig species, including the common fig and the banyan, are hosts of the scale Tachardia lacca, an insect from which shellac is obtained.


Fedorov, A. A. “Drevesnye epifity i fikusy-udushiteli v tropicheskikh lesakh Kitaia.” Botanicheskii zhurnal, 1959, vol. 44, no. 10.
Corner, E. J. H. “Ficus in the Solomon Islands and Its Bearing on the Post-Jurassic History of Melanesia.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B. Biological Sciences, 1967, no. 783.


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Conclusion: Among the seven species used Ficus infectoria had significant antioxidant activity as compared to the used standards i.
Therefore, it is possible to observe in this work, that there was a tendency to decrease the L * parameter (loss of luminosity) after application of the treatments (Table 3) that collaborates with the tendency of decrease of the roughness for these same treatments (Figure 3), suggesting a direct relation between the color and the roughness of the Ficus sp.
Table 1: Mean values and Anova of mineral elements in Fruits of Ficus palmata
The species of Ficus studied were identified by the author using the descriptions of Burger (1977) and Berg (2009).
and Orius insidiosus Say (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae), for control of Gynaikothrips uzeli Zimmerman (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) on Ficus benjamina.
Table-6: Quantification of Total Phenolic Content of crude extracts of leaves and bark of Ficus natalensis.
Species group b Ficus sycomorus Trichilia emetica Riparian Forest Habitat Type 2
Carollia perspicillata presento una dieta mas variada y un inusual porcentaje de consumo de frutos del genero Ficus (28.
En un sitio muy bien estudiado desde el punto de vista floristico, como lo es la isla de Barro Colorado, Panama, se ha documentado la presencia de alrededor de 20 especies de hemiepifitas primarias (Croat, 1978), las cuales ocupan cerca del 10% del dosel, llegando a tener densidades de 11,1 individuos/ha; de ellas el 66,7% pertenecen al genero Ficus (Todzida, 1986).
Watch tilapia feed on ficus berries and you'll notice that when a berry plops directly into their midst that sometimes there is a rush of several competing fish to aggressively slurp the fruit.
Ficus microcarpa has been widely planted around the world as a garden, roadside and container tree (Condit 1969; Boucek 1988; Kobbi et al.