Fideism


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Fideism

 

the affirmation of the priority of faith over reason, which is characteristic of religious world views based on revelation. Fideism limits the sphere of scientific activity and denies the importance of scientific knowledge with regard to the world view, assigning a key role in the comprehension of the world to religious faith. Fideism is characteristic of many trends in idealist philosophy. According to V. I. Lenin, idealism is “merely a subtle, refined form of fideism” (Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 18, p. 380).

References in periodicals archive ?
At the beginning of his life as a Muslim, Muhammad Asad had already made up his mind to adhere to the then-widespread "return to the Qur'an and Hadith" approach, with a vociferous rejection of taqlid (legal fideism) and tasawwuf (sufism).
For this, it needs to make use of reason and it must acknowledge the strong relationship between faith and reason, first of all philosophical reason, so as to overcome both fideism and rationalism." The text then explores the relationship between theology and theologies and between theology and other sciences.
However, fideism and introspection are insufficient basis for reflection on either economics or Catholic social doctrine.
And I employed poor people fideism and needy people trusts in this door and shop and courtyard and porch.
(23) From this perspective, the robust self-confidence of religion's contemporary despisers might easily be taken for idolatrous fideism.
In the absence of a vigorous philosophical engagement with fundamental theological and scientific questions, is the believer left with no option but a kind of "Wittgensteinean fideism" or--perhaps more appropriately in this context--an attachment to the "beauty" of Christianity, a la Chateaubriand?
A vague fideism among many Korean missionaries has sometimes hindered appropriate planning, effective preparation, and practical support for their children's education.
He began to subscribe to a kind of mystical fideism, dismissing both positivist criticisms of religion and rational arguments in favor of it.
"Weak correlationism," on the other hand, admits an "in-itself" apart from thought, as in Kant's transcendental philosophy, where that "something exists in-itself and is thinkable (non-contradictory)." (26) However, for "weak correlationism" the conditions of thought bar the in-itself as it is in-itself, and the result is a sort of fideism, a "faith" in what is on the outside to know.
In its strict adherence to the rationalistic and empirical approaches, this method ironically leads to a kind of fideism, radically breaking from mainstream science's undesirable findings while accepting that science's philosophical presuppositions.
If the best explanation of one's experience supports such theism, then one can move beyond fideism and question begging (see Moser 2010 chaps.
Phillips' Fideism in Wittgenstein's Mirror", en Arrington y Addis 2001, pp.