Born Sept. 23, 1841, in Oederan, Saxony; died June 3, 1895, in Munich. German philosopher of aesthetics; held views similar to Neo-Kantianism.
Fiedler was the founder of the theory of vision which served as the philosophical basis of H. Wölfflin’s science of art. He was a friend and source of inspiration to H. von Marées and A. Hildebrand. Fiedler regarded artistic creation as a process of developing what may be called absolute vision, which overcomes the chaos of empirical impressions and leads to cognition of the pure form of the concrete physical world.