fief

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fief:

see feudalismfeudalism
, form of political and social organization typical of Western Europe from the dissolution of Charlemagne's empire to the rise of the absolute monarchies. The term feudalism is derived from the Latin feodum,
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.

fief

See FEUDALISM.

Fief

 

(also feud or fee), in Western Europe during the Middle Ages, a payment in land or in money or in kind made by a suzerain to his vassal (seeVASSALAGE). The hereditary tenure of a fief was conditional upon the vassal’s fulfillment of feudal service to his lord; this service was primarily military but could also entail service at court, such as participation in trials or in the management of a seigniory, or involve the payment of a sum fixed by custom. The vassals, in turn, usually gave part of their lands or income to their own vassals, a practice known as subinfeudation; eventually, a hierarchy was established on a single landholding, which could support a vertical series of feudal tenants.

The fief, whose precursor was the benefice, was the characteristic form of property of the ruling class in Western Europe from the 11th to 15th century, the period of developed feudalism. From this period, however, the system based on the fief began to decline. The fiefs were broken up through subinfeudation and, as commodity-money relations became prevalent, so did the use of money-fiefs, the right to some type of revenue, granted to a vassal instead of land with serfs. In addition, the feudal lords began relying on paid troops for military support. By the 15th or 16th centuries, the system of fiefs had become a legal fiction.

fief

In feudal England, the tenure of land or an estate subject to the feudal obligation of service and homage to the lord of the estate.

fief

, feoff
(in feudal Europe) the property or fee granted to a vassal for his maintenance by his lord in return for service
References in periodicals archive ?
These women have now joined the Congress to carry forward the interests of their husbands and to also ensure their jailed husbands ruled their fiefdoms by proxy.
Fiefdom was trained in the homelands by Wilf Storey and for that reason alone needed support.
ISLAMABAD, December 02, 2010 (Frontier Star): Former PM Benazir Bhuttos trusted companions senator Safdar Abbasi and Naheed Khan have said President Asif Ali Zardari is non serious in probing the investigation of Benazir Bhuttos murder and he wants to make the party his personal fiefdom .
Fiefdom was spotted making promising late headway on his last start and can secure his fourth success at Lingfield in the Phil & Derby Dickman 30th Wedding Anniversary Handicap.
Fiefdom was spotted making some really promising headway on his latest and can secure his success at Lingfield in Phil & Derby Dickman Wedding Anniversary Celestial Dream can also Brighton punters an fillip in the bet365.
The fact of the matter is Labour views anything north of Merthyr as a wasteland and the south as their fiefdom and the people there as voting fodder.
To all the naysayers who blast our mayor before he has had a chance to do something with an out-of-control fiefdom called the LAUSD school board and its cut-and-run superintendent, I say back off.
Johnston should already have got on the scoreboard with Fiefdom (2.
Locals say his brother Carlos now runs the fiefdom in the upper Sinu Valley of Colombia.
The college was originally granted two manors in Walton, (now north Oxford) but, like many others, has been obliged to extend its academic fiefdom beyond the geographical and architectural bounds of its traditional quads.
Royal Group's executives ran the Company as their personal fiefdom and were not held accountable by Royal Group's Board of Directors for the wrongful conduct.