Field Pea

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Field Pea


an annual plant of the family Leguminosae. The field pea is a subspecies of the garden pea. It is sometimes classified as the independent species Pisum arvense. The climbing stem reaches 1 m in height. The leaves have narrow, denticulate stipules, and the flowers are red-violet. The dark brown seeds are angular or round.

The field pea grows as a weed among plantings of garden peas. Its seeds, which are difficult to boil, impart a dark color and unpleasant taste to food. The plant is weeded from pea plantings. It is easy to identify owing to its lilac shoots and bracts. Also its seeds cannot be separated by winnowing machines.

The field pea grows well on sandy, sandy-loam, and loamy soils. It is drought resistant and can withstand frosts to — 5°C. It is cultivated, usually in combination with oats, for green feed, hay, and silage. The harvest per hectare of the green mass of the combination is 150–250 quintals, and of hay 30–45 quintals. The field pea seed is a valuable protein food. One kg of the grain contains 1.1 feed units and 185 g of digestible protein. The grain harvest is 10–15 quintals per hectare.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The total cost of field pea and vetch production is estimated at $175 dollars per acre, including the cost of seed, planting, irrigation, management and incorporation (R.
Butterly CR, Armstrong R, Chen D, Tang C (2015) Carbon and nitrogen partitioning of wheat and field pea grown with two nitrogen levels under elevated C[O.sub.2].
Shirtliffe, "Basal branching in field pea cultivars and yield-density relationships," Canadian Journal of Plant Science, vol.
Reaction of field pea varieties to three isolates of Uromyces fabae.
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Table 7: Variation among seed characteristics of top 10 of 27 indigenous field pea genotypes/accessions collected based
culmorum from field peas, dry beans and wheat to infect all three crops.
These terraces have been continuously cropped for decades without nutrient management attention; hence soil fertility depletion is among the major factors constraining field pea and crop production in general in this region [2].
During the 1980s, when field pea and lentil were beginning to expand rapidly in Saskatchewan, rhizobium inoculants from the United States were imported, but they were not highly suitable for use in Saskatchewan.
There were three companion crops: field peas (FP) (Pisum sativum L.), flax (FX) (Limumusitatissimum L.), and oriental mustard (MS) (Brassica juncea (L.) Coss.), with two sweet clover treatments of no clover (NS) and of clover (SC) (Table 3).
Over the long-term, however, differences in soil N between a legume such as field pea and wheat are small due to presumed recycling of leached N by the latter (Hulugalle et al.
[38] The motif unites a flower, symbol of femininity, fertility, and female genitalia, with the obviously phallic peascod, an aspect best exemplified by a contemporary style of doublet known either as the "peascod-belly doublet" or simply as the "peascod doublet." Fashionable in England from 1575-1600, the doublet front was stuffed with padding known as "bombast." Named no doubt due to its similarity to the field pea, "some with tough skins or membranes in the cods," as Gerard documents in hi s Herbal (1044), the doublet accentuated the "privie members," an aspect which Stubbes emphasizes when he inveighs against the style in Anatomy of Abuses: