Field Service Regulations

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Field Service Regulations


in the armed forces of the USSR, official documents defining the major provisions and requirements concerning troop training and the conduct of combined-arms combat by units of various sizes, the movement of troops and their disposition at the halt in various combat situations, and troop control. Field service regulations serve as a guide in drawing up combat regulations and manuals for the armed services, combat arms, and special forces. The armed forces of several states have field service regulations, although a different term may be used in some cases.

In the Russian Army, field service regulations were published in 1881, 1904, and 1912. The first field service regulations of the Red Army were approved by the All-Russian Central Executive Committee in January 1919. In June 1925, the Provisional Field Service Regulations of the Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army (RKKA)—Part 2: Division and Corps—was published. In 1929 it was replaced by the Field Service Regulations of the RKKA (PU-29), which, in addition to division and corps, also covered the regiment and had a chapter on political work. The Provisional Field Service Regulations of the RKKA (PU-36), introduced on Dec. 30, 1936, clearly defined the role and place of the combat arms in general combat and in operations. The major regulations took into account the great changes that had taken place in the 1930’s in technical equipment and organization of all the armed services and combat arms.

Draft field service regulations were published in 1939 and 1941. Draft field service regulations issued in late 1942 were developed to incorporate the combat experience gained in the first period of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45. New service regulations were introduced after the war. They were drawn up to include changes brought about by the experience of the war and the development of new types of weapons and combat matériel.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The family tree for ADP 3-0 goes back to 1923 and the Army's publication of its Field Service Regulations. This publication was "designed especially for the government of the operations of large units and of small units forming a part of larger units." (5) In it, the Army outlines the underlying doctrine to guide the decisions and actions of commanders and staffs in land operations.
The Field Service Regulations of 1905 shifted from pure tactical branch matters to regulating broader combined arms service behavior in the field, with the division as the basic combat organization.
For ten years the manuals of the Army air arm, while attempting modestly to enhance the importance of the role of aviation, adhered closely to the central thesis of the Field Service Regulations. Thus Training Regulation 440-15 (1926) states that the organization and training of air units should be "....
(7) Field Service Regulations, Article VII, "Military Police," U.S.
(An interesting note: The Field Service Regulations of 1923 changed the meaning of the word "Infantry" to "the arm of close combat" and would no longer be restricted to just the "rifle and bayonet.")
Odom holds that the lessons of World War I were rigorously studied and captured in field service regulations in 1923, but then something went terribly wrong.
Had he included some discussion on the early 1900s, and in particular the controversial 1905 Field Service Regulations, he would have strengthened his argument that the army's failure to resolve its tactical problems contributed to the slaughter of World War I.
Army Field Service Regulations, which stated, "Officers and enlisted men, when actually performing the duty of military police, will wear a blue brassard on the left arm, halfway between the elbow and shoulder, bearing the letters 'MP' in white." (1) The important thing here is not the specified color or placement, which have since undergone several changes, but the intended purpose.
Essentially, this manual is the equivalent of the US Army's FM 100-5, Field Service Regulations: Operations (1940); in fact, FM 100-5 drew heavily upon its German counterpart.