Field of Mars

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Field of Mars


a square in Leningrad, an important element in the design of the city center. The structures surrounding the square include the Marble Palace (now the Leningrad branch of the V. I. Lenin Central Museum; 1768-85, architect A. Rinaldi) and the barracks of the Pavlovskii Regiment (now the Lenenergo building; 1817-20, architect V. P. Stasov). The Engineers’ Castle, the Summer Garden, and the Mikhailovskii Gardens border on the square.

In the early 18th century the Great Meadow, which was used for various fetes, occupied the present site of the Field of Mars. In the late 18th century, the area was renamed Tsarina’s Meadow. In 1818 it received its present name, which was derived from the Campus Martius in ancient Rome. The name “Field of Mars” was chosen because the field was the site of military parades and monuments to the military commanders P. A. Rumiantsev (Rumiantsev Obelisk; marble, granite, 1798-99, architect V. F. Brenna; since 1818 on Vasil’evskii Island) and A. V. Suvorov (bronze, granite, 1799-1801, sculptor M. I. Kozlovskii).

On Mar. 23 (Apr. 5),,1917, 180 individuals who had fallen in battle against the autocracy during the February Revolution of 1917 were buried in a mass grave in the center of the Field of Mars. On Apr. 18 (May 1), 1917, V. I. Lenin delivered a speech at the square. In June 1917 the square was the site of a mass demonstration by workers and soldiers against the Provisional Government’s policies, which were not in the interests of the people. In 1918, V. Volodarskii and M. S. Uritskii were buried in the square, as were the Petrograd workers who fell during the Yaroslavl Rebellion of 1918. Among those buried here in 1919 were the workers who fell heroically defending Petrograd against the troops of General N. N. ludenich. Between 1917 and 1919 the monument To the Fighters of the Revolution (granite, L. V. Rudnev; A. V. Lunacharskii wrote the inscriptions) was erected in the center of the Field of Mars. Between 1920 and 1923 a parterred garden was laid out (I. A. Fomin). In 1957 an eternal flame was lit. The modern memorial complex, with its expressively concise forms, fits in well with the classical architectural monuments.


Smirnov, N. I. Marsovo pole. Leningrad-Moscow, 1947.
Slobozhan, I. I. Marsovo pole. Leningrad, 1963.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
By degrees he passed to the conviction that if the summer garden were extended to the field of Mars, and perhaps joined to the garden of the Mihailovsky Palace, it would be a splendid thing and a great benefit to the town.
Pieces like Cornelia Parker's Meteorite Misses Waco and Jessica Rankin's Field of Mars will still make your eyes pop out of your head.
In Petrograd, the city's Soviets (as in the term's original usage as "workers' councils") commissioned the young architect Lev Rudnev to redesign the Field of Mars. This square was originally a czarist parade ground near the Neva River, overshadowed since the late nineteenth century by the Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood, a florid, polychrome structure of asymmetrical onion domes.
During the science event, the projects will be presented as posters, and discussed by a specialized scientific and technical committee composed of local and international engineers and scientists in the field of Mars Science and Space Systems Engineering.
Smaller works, like Self - Armation on the Field of Mars (its title a reference to the park in St Petersburg, Russia, where Malevich rst showed his abstractions at the Art Bureau) is a beautifully composed trio of larger spheres beneath smaller circles, scattered in an almost molecular structure.
To return, they would need a fully assembled and fuelled rocket capable of escaping the gravitational field of Mars, on-board life support systems capable of up to a seven-month voyage and the capacity either to dock with a space station orbiting Earth or perform a safe re-entry and landing.
Mars One had not discounted the possibility of returning to Earth, however, it warned that it cannot be anticipated or expected because that would require a fully assembled and fuelled launch vehicle capable of escaping the gravitational field of Mars, ample, on-board life support systems and supplies for up to seven months of voyage as well as capability to dock with a space station orbiting the Earth or perform a safe re-entry and landing on the planet where they originated.
The Field of Mars (Marsovo Pole) has been sited just below the Neva since the city's first years.
* Campus Martius is Latin for "Field of Mars." Mars was the Roman god of war, so the military training ground, both in ancient Rome and here in Detroit, was called Campus Martius.
The Campus Martius (Field of Mars) was a public area of Rome used for military activities; as such, it was dedicated to Mars, god of war and father of Romulus and Remus, legendary founders of the city.
The Romans held their military exercises on the Field of Mars, the Campus Martius, near the river Tiber.