Fifth Republic

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Fifth Republic:

see FranceFrance
, officially French Republic, republic (2015 est. pop. 64,457,000), 211,207 sq mi (547,026 sq km), W Europe. France is bordered by the English Channel (N), the Atlantic Ocean and the Bay of Biscay (W), Spain and Andorra (SW), the Mediterranean Sea (S; the location of the
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Fifth Republic


in France, the political regime established by the Constitution of 1958, which was drafted by the government of Charles de Gaulle, was approved by a referendum on Sept. 28, 1958, and went into effect on Oct. 5, 1958.

The regime of the Fifth Republic is characterized by a broadening of executive power, particularly that of the president, and by curtailment of parliament’s authority. The president may dissolve the National Assembly before the regularly scheduled elections, may call for new elections, and in extreme circumstances may himself assume full power. Although the president remains formally responsible to parliament, he appoints the premier and, with the premier’s recommendation, all the ministers. At first, the president was elected indirectly, but since October 1962 he has been elected by direct universal suffrage. Democratic forces in France have been demanding a revision of the Fifth Republic’s constitution.

References in periodicals archive ?
If one looks at the French fifth republic that was an inspiration for Romania's semi-presidentialism, the president of France is in charge of the state's foreign policy.
Thus, people tacitly condoned the fact that the Fifth Republic's first president accepted massive amounts of cash for his party from the state-owned oil company Elf.
France's desire for political change is spurred by a disappointing procession of presidents over the last few decades since Charles De Gaulle formally proclaimed the Fifth Republic in 1958.
Because Fenby believes a strong state will always be an essential feature of French political life, he does not consider that there might be a bright side to the decline in presidential "demeanour," and in the "authority and status" of Fifth Republic presidents (accompanied by the reduction of presidential terms from seven years to five, starting with the 2002 election).
The Fifth Republic was introduced by Charles de Gaulle in 1958 to end the fragmentation and chaos of the post-World War II Fourth Republic, which over 12 years produced 24 governments and 16 prime ministers.
Charles de Gaulle came to power and crafted the Constitution of the Fifth Republic.
Yet now, a century later, because some 301 individual wolves have returned to the French countryside, annually killing 8,000 farm animals, the Fifth Republic is now paying compensation to livestock producers for ensuring the survival of the wolf, now a fully protected symbol of biodiversity.
EVENTS 1959: General Charles de Gaulle, above, is proclaimed first President of the new Fifth Republic in France during a brief ceremony at the Elysee Palace in Paris.
His topics include French Revolution and world revolution, Paris: the making of a world capital, the universal republic, from one war to another: the universal nation in crisis, defeat and rebirth in World War II, and the Fifth Republic: a new era for France.
In her recent assessment of Soto's peers and fellow kinetic artists in grav (Groupe de Recherche d'Art Visuel), art historian Lily Woodruff contends that despite their work's embrace of industrial production and a quasi-scientific approach, such artists ultimately positioned themselves "against the technocrats" who ran Fifth Republic France by committee during the '60s.
In case court rules to extradite the tycoon, the Prime Minister of the Fifth Republic will have to sign a decree on extradition of Mr Ablyazov to one of the requesting countries.
For instance, France, a country that provided a political model for the Kemalist conceptualization of laicism and assimilationist nationalism, is currently in its fifth republic since 1958.