Fifth Republic

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Fifth Republic:

see FranceFrance
, officially French Republic, republic (2015 est. pop. 64,457,000), 211,207 sq mi (547,026 sq km), W Europe. France is bordered by the English Channel (N), the Atlantic Ocean and the Bay of Biscay (W), Spain and Andorra (SW), the Mediterranean Sea (S; the location of the
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Fifth Republic


in France, the political regime established by the Constitution of 1958, which was drafted by the government of Charles de Gaulle, was approved by a referendum on Sept. 28, 1958, and went into effect on Oct. 5, 1958.

The regime of the Fifth Republic is characterized by a broadening of executive power, particularly that of the president, and by curtailment of parliament’s authority. The president may dissolve the National Assembly before the regularly scheduled elections, may call for new elections, and in extreme circumstances may himself assume full power. Although the president remains formally responsible to parliament, he appoints the premier and, with the premier’s recommendation, all the ministers. At first, the president was elected indirectly, but since October 1962 he has been elected by direct universal suffrage. Democratic forces in France have been demanding a revision of the Fifth Republic’s constitution.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Fifth Republic was introduced by Charles de Gaulle in 1958 to end the fragmentation and chaos of the post-World War II Fourth Republic, which over 12 years produced 24 governments and 16 prime ministers.
Such models and methods of ordering nature proved to be the precursors of the first nature protection policies launched by the Fifth Republic.
He has been bold occasionally abroad but is still the most unpopular president in the history of the Fifth Republic.
The source concluded its statement by saying that "the French public opinion has expressed condemnation of the policies of President Hollande that have made him the least popular president in the history of the Fifth Republic, and made him the last one with the right to declare himself a defender of the values of justice and human rights and claim to care for the international peace and security.
Facing the lowest popularity levels of any president in France's 56-year-old Fifth Republic, the Socialist changed tack earlier this year towards a more pro-business stance aimed at spurring investment and jobs through corporate charge cuts.
Indeed, the latest opinion polls indicated that Hollande is the least popular of all the French presidents of the Fifth Republic.
Hollande has seen his popularity ratings plummet to a record low during France's 55-year-old Fifth Republic, with his failure to bring overall unemployment down from around 11 per cent -- and joblessness among youths from over double that -- a major factor.
The author gives considerable credit to Charles de Gaulle for advancing European integration, portraying him as the French leader who, while serving as president of the Fifth Republic from 1958 to 1969, secured the path of European integration for the remainder of the twentieth century.
Although the essays in this section vary considerably in style and approach, the essay that seems least in keeping with the rest of the volume is that examining the Fifth Republic, which was established in 1958 and still in place.
Hollande flew to Berlin early evening after being officially inaugurated at the Elysee Palace to become the seventh president of the Fifth Republic.
Hollande becomes France's first left-wing president since Francois Mitterand, who beat incumbent Valery Giscard-d'Estaing in 1981 and France's second left-wing president since the establishment of the fifth republic in 1958.
Pic's fabulous and funny centerpiece is a standoff between Sunny and a rival distaff gang, their battle coinciding with an attack on a left-wing demonstration by Korea's Fifth Republic militia.