The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Persian, “index”), a type of biobibliography in Arabic and Persian philology. The term originated with a work, completed in 988, by Ibn al-Nadim, a book merchant of Baghdad. Ibn al-Nadim’s fihrist was divided into ten chapters, a format adopted in future similar works, and to this day remains an important source for the history of medieval Arabic literature. As a scholarly work, the fihrist includes material on philosophy, philology, theology, law, alchemy, history, and genealogy, in addition to traditional accounts, legends, and poetic models. The Arabic version of the fihrist—the fahrasa—is a type of biography, comprising lists or catalogs of works, such as the Fahrasa of Abu Bakr ibn Khayr (12th century). Later examples of the fihrist include A Catalog of Errors in the Titles of Books and the Names of Branches of Learning, an Arabic work by the 17th-century Turkish scholar Câtib Çelebi (Haji Khalifa), which provides a bibliographical analysis of 1,450 books.


Ibn al-Nadim. Al-Fihrist. Beirut [1970.]
Nadim, al-. Kitab al-Fihrist. Tehran [1972.]
In English translation:
Nadim, al-. The Fihrist of al-Nadim: A Tenth-Century Survey of Muslim Culture, vols. 1–2. Edited by B. Dodge. New York–London, 1970.
Pellat, C. “Fahrasa.” In Encyclopedia of Islam, vol. 2. Leiden, 1965.
Fück, J. W. “Ibn al-Nadim.” In Ibid., vol. 3. Leiden, 1968.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
His search in Ibn al-Nadim's Fihrist for early works with the word usul in the title having been unsuccessful, Hallaq concluded that there is no evidence of legal-theoretical literature before the generation of Ibn Surayj, a full century later.
Eccept Ibn-Moghafaa who quoted Nakak Crown in Arabic, Ibn Qutaybah Dinevari referred to this book in Oyun Al- Akhbar and also Ibn Al-Nadim referred to this book in Fihrist. Jahiz Basri also wrote the book of AlTaj in the ethics of Al-Molouk Under the influence of Ibn-Moghafaa that is contained part of the laws that existed at the time of Abbasid in this book.
Although the famous medieval bibliographer Ibn Al Nadim reported in his "Fihrist" that JaaACAyfar Ibn Mohammad Abu MaaACAyshar Al Balkhi (AD787-886) -- better known in the West as Albumasar -- was a scholar of Hadiths (prophetic traditions), that his dislike of Greek sciences and philosophy led him to accept a challenge from his contemporary, Abu Yousuf YaaACAyqub Ibn Ishaq Al Kindi (c 800-870), the first Arab philosopher.
of an earlier manuscript of the Fihrist, a bibliophile Arab, al-Nadin,
(138) Vladimir Genis, Vitse-konsul Vvedenskii: sluzhba v Persii i Bukharskom khanstve, 1906-1920 (Moscow: Sotsial "no-politicheskaia mysl', 2003), 22-34; cipher telegram from the Ninth Army, 3 Agustos 1330 [16 August 1914], Askeri Tarih ve Stratejik Etudleri Baskanligi, Birinci Dunya Harbi Koleksiyonu, Klasor 2818, Dosya 59 Fihrist 2.
(2.) For a comprehensive list of exegetical works, see Markaz al-Dirasat al-Qur'aniyyah, Fihrist Musannafat Tafsir al-Qur'an al-Karim (Index of Qur'an Exegetical Compilations), 3 vols.
In his tenth-century compilation of books, The Fihrist, al-Nadim places al-Razi's medical works in one section and his alchemical works in another, as does science historian George Sarton in 1927 in his Introduction to the History of Science.
The Fihrist of al-Nadim, a tenth-century survey of Muslim culture, is an invaluable documentary source of this process.
As Torchia observes, the Manichees provided "an entire outlook that permeated late antiquity." A summary of their cosmogony based on the Liber Scholiorum of Theodore bar Khoni and the Fihrist of Ibn Abi Ja'kub an-Nadim is provided encapsulated into three "moments." In the "former time" the realms of Light and Darkness are contiguous.