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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Born circa 1554; died Oct. 12 (22), 1633. Russian political figure. Patriarch (from 1619). Son of N. R. Zakhar’in. Father of the first tsar of the Romanov dynasty, Mikhail Fedorovich; on his maternal side, first cousin of Tsar Fedor Ivanovich.

Filaret, whose secular name was Fedor Nikitich Romanov, occupied a high post during the reign of Fedor Ivanovich. In late 1600 or early 1601, however, under orders from Boris Godunov, he was arrested and exiled to the Antonii-Siia Monastery, where he was forced to take monastic vows. In 1605, during the reign of the First False Dmitrii, he was recalled from exile and given the post of metropolitan of Rostov. In May 1606, Filaret took part in the overthrow of the pretender. On Oct. 11 (21), 1608, he was captured in the taking of Rostov by the Tushino units of the Second False Dmitrii and was sent to the Tushino camp. He was appointed patriarch but adopted a temporizing policy. Having returned to Moscow in May 1610, he took part in the overthrow of V. Shuiskii in July 1610.

Filaret favored the accession of a member of a foreign dynasty to the Russian throne. He helped formulate the policies of the Semiboiarshchina (Seven Boyars) and took part in the conclusion of a treaty on Aug. 17 (27), 1610, with the Polish hetman Żołkiewski; in accordance with this treaty, Władisław, the son of the Polish king Sigismund III, was to be recognized as the Russian tsar. In September 1610, near the besieged city of Smolensk, Filaret headed the “great embassy,” which was to confirm the articles of the treaty. However, in the course of the negotiations, he refused to agree to Sigismund’s new terms. As a result, he was arrested in April 1611 and sent to Poland, where he remained in captivity until the middle of 1619.

While Filaret was being held in Poland, his 16-year-old son Mikhail Fedorovich Romanov was made tsar (1613). In July 1619, Filaret returned to Moscow and was immediately installed as patriarch. He was the de facto ruler of the country from the time of his return until the end of his life.




(also Philaret; secular name Vasilii Mikhailovich Drozdov). Born Dec. 26, 1782 (Jan. 6, 1783), in Kolomna; died Nov. 19 (Dec. 1), 1867, in Moscow. Archbishop of Moscow (from 1821) and metropolitan of Moscow (1825–67).

The son of a deacon, Filaret graduated from the Trinity Seminary. He took monastic vows in 1808. Between 1809 and 1819 he was first the inspector and then the rector of the St. Petersburg Theological Academy. During the same period he was also a professor of philosophy and a member of the Bible Society. As a member of the Synod from 1819 to 1849, he exerted a great influence on both ecclesiastical and state affairs. Filaret drafted a number of state documents, including the act transferring the throne to Nicholas I and the Manifesto of Feb. 19, 1861.


Sushkov, N. V. Zapiski o zhizni i vremeni sviatitelia Filareta, mitropolita Moskovskogo. Moscow, 1868.
Mel’gunov, S. P. “Mitropolit Filaret—deiatel’ krest’ianskoi reformy.” In Velikaia reforma, vol. 5. [Moscow, 1911.]
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The most high-profile Church representative in the media at that time was Father Filaret, who went to the Croatian war-zone to encourage Serbian volunteers.
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The eventual decision on autocephaly of the independent Ukrainian church of Filaret, will pave the way for the release of canonical chains of SPC, says the author.
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After the first one, at the end of the Phanariote era or at the beginning of the indigenous reign, when very few crept abroad and had plenty of choice in terms of learning sources, as evidenced by the tremendous influence which the contact with the West had on Poenaru, on Eufrosiu Poteca, on Simion Marcovici, on Constantion Brailoiu, from whom so well-behaved letters were preserved during studies in Geneva, young people crowded Paris and brought back from there what was needed to make the revolution in Bucharest in 1848, with Filaret's speeches, with proclamations to the people" (Iorga, 1937: 9).
There is also a separate storyline of his relationships with a local priest Filaret and another monk father Iov.
Following the Maidan coup d'etat last year, relations between the Moscow and Kievan patriarchates have declined considerably, with the Russian-aligned Church outraged over UOC Patriarch Filaret's comments urging the US and Europe to provide Kiev with assistance for its military campaign against independence and autonomy supporters in eastern Ukraine.
Shishkov and Archimandrite Filaret, and the Holy Alliance and European mysticism.
All three candidates--Metropolitan Kliment of Kaluga and Borovsk (code-named Topaz), Metropolitan Filaret of Minsk and Slutsk (code-named Ostrovskii), and Metropolitan Kirill (code-named Mikhailov)--also have been reliably identified as agents of the KGB/FSB.
In less time than it took him to make his mamaliga, that bewhiskered David of Farcasa would finish reciting at full speed without stumbling the whole history of the Old Testament, divided into periods, by Filaret Scriban, and the conjunctive pronouns in the dative and accusative according to Macarescu's grammar book: Mi-ti-i, ni-vi-li, me-te-il-o, ne-ve-i-le; me-te-il-o, ne-ve-i-le, mi-ti-i, ni-vi-li, whatever that may be, dash it all!