Filarete


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Filarete

(fē`lärĕ`tā), c.1400–c.1465, Italian architect and sculptor, whose real name was Antonio Averlino, b. Florence. In the 1430s he went to Rome, where he studied the monuments of antiquity. His most famous project was the bronze doors for St. Peter's. Although somewhat original in style, he was not a highly skillful artist. In 1451 he was summoned to Milan by Francesco Sforza to design parts of buildings. He wrote an important treatise, Trattato di architettura, defending the principles of ancient architecture.
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The book's six chapters examine Pope Martin V and Niccolo Signorili's vision of Roman revival; aspects of courtly life (and its many pitfalls); curial plans for reform of the church; the impact of Eugenius IV's papal ceremonial; and the differing visions of Eugenius IV, Biondo Flavio, and Filarete for the rebuilding of Rome.
Built by Ivan the Terrible in commemoration of his conquest of the khanate of Kazan, the cathedral displays numerous elements in both plan and detail that can be traced to the geometrical rigor of 15thcentury Italian architectural thought, yet without the cultural ambience that nurtured the ideas of Antonio Filarete and his contemporaries in Europe.
It was created by the Florentine architect and sculptor Antonio di Pietro Averlino, known as II Filarete, designer of the great bronze doors of St Peter's Basilica in Rome.
The book's final chapter examines Pope Eugenius IV's building efforts in Rome as revealed in Rome Restored by Biondo Flavio and the patronage of Filarete's doors for old Saint Peter's cathedral.
Kitas Florencijos Renesanso architektas, skulptorius ir teoretikas Antonio di Pietro Averlino, zinomas kaip Filarete, atsakinga architekto vaidmeni iliustruoja architekto ir kudiki nesiojancios moters palyginimu--architektas yra lyg pastato motina, ir pries ji "gimdydamas", privalo tinkamai isnesioti: apie ji galvoti, mastyti ir ivairiapusiskai isnagrineti, tik tada, po 7-9 menesiu, pradeti igyvendinti (Mallgrave 2011) (4 pav.).
Architectural theorists such as Antonio Averlino (known as Filarete) and Francesco di Giorgio had included fortifications in their theses on architecture.
Ne dovremmo dimenticare che in quel secolo artisti come Brunelleschi, Piero della Francesca, Leonardo, Leon Battista Alberti, Palladio e Filarete accompagnano il loro lavoro con scritti in cui l'aspetto tecnico e manuale e i riferimenti alle manovalanze sono frequentissimi (Rossi Paolo 24), perche, evidentemente, l'idea dell'uomo faber sta corrodendo il vecchio pregiudizio della vilta di ogni altro lavoro che non sia intellettuale.
They also mention the treatises by Alberti and Filarete from where all paradigmatic models of circular temples could have come and they even suggest that some works could have been visited, such as the Tempietto, the Tribuna dell'Annuziata by Alberti and the Temple Malatestiano (a regular copy of the Roman pantheon).
The hospital, the Ospedale Maggiore, was founded in Milan in 1456 and designed by Antonio Averulino, better known as Filarete. It has a symmetrical rectangular plan with a large central courtyard; on both sides of it, the wings of the building delineate four smaller courtyards.
Le pio importanti porte del XV secolo, dopo le Porte del Paradiso, sono quelle eseguite dal fiorentino Antonio Averlino, chiamato 'Filarete', per l'antica Basilica Vaticana su commissione di Eugenio IV.