archive

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archive

Computing data transferred to a tape or disk for long-term storage rather than frequent use

archive

(file format)
A single file containing one or (usually) more separate files plus information to allow them to be extracted (separated) by a suitable program.

Archives are usually created for software distribution or backup. tar is a common format for Unix archives, and arc or PKZIP for MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows.

archive

(operating system)
To transfer files to slower, cheaper media (usually magnetic tape) to free the hard disk space they occupied. This is now normally done for long-term storage but in the 1960s, when disk was much more expensive, files were often shuffled regularly between disk and tape.

archive

(networking)

archive

(1) (noun) A file that contains one or more compressed files. Most archive formats are also capable of storing folder structures in order to reconstruct the file/folder relationship when decompressed.

One File Is Easier to Distribute
More often than not, archives are used to combine several files into one for ease of distribution. Although the compression algorithm may reduce all the files by a substantial amount, the size reduction is often less important than the convenience of distributing one file and referencing only one file name rather than a group of files. See self-extracting archive and archive formats.

(2) (verb) To compress one or more files and folders into a single file for backup or transport. Although archived files may remain on the same computer, "archive" implies data retention, and archived data are typically stored in a secondary location for backup and historical purposes. See archive program, archive formats, backup software, active archiving and HSM.
References in periodicals archive ?
Users of the EtherPad "professional" edition will be able to export their "pads" as a ZIP file archive. This edition used to cost US$8 per user per month, but became free on Friday.
<p>Users of the EtherPad "professional" edition will be able to export their "pads" as a ZIP file archive. This edition used to cost US$8 per user per month, but became free on Friday.
The GP2X file archive has hundreds of free games, while sites such as ROMNation offer thousands more.
Despite these results, still sixty three per cent of those surveyed would claim to have a file archive software solution, 56 per cent an email archive software solution.
As with most modern Mac programs, installation is as easy as downloading and opening a file archive and then dragging the main icon to the computer's Applications folder.
Capability: FocalPoint version 3.0, a shop floor distributed numerical control (DNC) program, has been enhanced to include the following features: direct links to a modeling program for NC source code and a graphics and document viewer; an ISO-compliant file archive function; file date stamp within the DNC Library; NC program editor selection; quick-access buttons for the Receive File Administrator, Parts and Operations, and DNC Library.