In a prior simulation of EPW meetings with a group size of 10 and meeting durations from 10 to 60 minutes (Aiken, Li, & Vanjani, 2001), results showed that for each participant, the file swapping
process was statistically random but not uniform.
The industry hopes the suits, which seek as much as $150,000 per violation, will deter computer users from engaging in what the record industry considers illegal file swapping
. While the threat of hefty fines scared off some, millions of Internet users continued to copy and share songs without paying for them.
And, of course, remember, as with all file swapping
devices and technologies, you must obey the reproduction rights if the material is copyrighted.
Record-industry officials say the lawsuits against downloaders are meant to educate the public that downloading is illegal, and are more an effort to contain file swapping
than to wipe it out.
With P2P use on the rise, student and educator attitudes toward illegal downloading and file swapping
, if ignored, have the potential to become a gateway for increased software piracy on thousands of college campuses." The full report is available from the BSA Web site.
McBride once again likened SCO's battle to that of the recording industry attempting to stop people downloading content from file swapping
Unlike music or movie file swapping
bookcrossing is unlikely to face the wrath of the publishing industry.
An unlimited downloads package is widely seen as being the key in convincing users of illegal file swapping
services to switch to legal services that reimburse artists and labels.
Avex has said its CD sales have taken a pounding from rampant Net-based music file swapping
and CD piracy.
In a move similar to the one suffered by file swapping
service Napster, a section of the music industry including over two dozen record and other media companies filed for an injunction.
Universal Music & Video Distribution prexy Jim Urie contends the average second-week sales decline among top-200 albums dipped to 34% in 2001 from 24% in 2000 -- an increase he attributes directly to technologies such as mass-produced CD-Rs and Internet file swapping
, which let pirates buy a CD and then copy it ad infinitum for next to nothing.
But sites like Aimster and Gnutella that bypass central servers for peer-based file swapping
are more difficult to police and, assuming they are able to stay in business, will probably live on.