Filipp Fedoseevich Zhmachenko

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zhmachenko, Filipp Fedoseevich


Born Nov. 14 (26), 1895, in the village of Mogil’no, in present-day Korosten’ Raion, Zhitomir Oblast; died June 19, 1966, in Kiev. Soviet military leader, colonel general (1945), Hero of the Soviet Union (Oct. 25, 1943). Became a member of the CPSU in 1917. The son of a poor Ukrainian peasant.

Zhmachenko entered the army as a private in 1915. In November 1917 he entered the Red Guards and in 1918 joined the Red Army and took part in the Civil War of 1918–20. He graduated from the Kharkov School for Military Commissars (1922), the Advanced Tactical School (1923), Vystrel, the Higher Infantry School of the Soviet Army (1926), and the advanced academic courses of the Military Academy of the General Staff (1947). During the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45 he was a corps commander and deputy army commander; in September 1943 he took command of the Fortyseventh Army and in October 1943 of the Fortieth Army. He took part in the fighting on the Briansk, Voronezh, and First and Second Ukrainian fronts. After the war he occupied command positions. In 1960 he retired for reasons of health. He was a deputy to the second convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. He was awarded two Orders of Lenin, four Orders of the Red Banner, the Order of Suvorov First Class, the Order of Kutuzov First Class, the Orders of Bogdan Khmel’ nitskii First and Second Class, the Order of the Red Star, the Order of the Badge of Honor, four foreign orders, and also medals.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.