Filippo Tommaso Marinetti


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Marinetti, Filippo Tommaso

 

Born Dec. 22, 1876, in Alexandria, Egypt; died Dec. 2, 1944, in Bellagio. Italian writer. Founder and theoretician of futurism in European literature and art.

Marinetti began as a poet of free verse, for example his narrative poem The Conquest of the Stars (1902). In 1909 he published the Manifesto of Futurism, the first such document to proclaim an avant-garde aesthetic program that contained a number of reactionary ideas, such as the liberation from the “dead culture” of the past and from humanist ideals, and that promoted the creation of a “dynamic literature of the future” celebrating machine technology and glorifying war as the “only [means of] world hygiene.”

Marinetti organized futurist groups among nationalistic young people and traveled abroad giving propaganda lectures (he made trips to Russia in 1910 and 1914). He extolled colonial expansion in Africa in his poetry and prose, for example, in the novel Mafarka the Futurist (1910; Russian translation, 1916). In the collection of poems Zang-tumb-tuum (1914), a futuristic montage of disconnected printed lines and mathematical and telegraphic symbols, Marinetti glorified the Italo-Turkish war. He agitated for Italy’s entry into World War I and fought in the war as a volunteer. In 1919, Marinetti became an adherent of Mussolini and proclaimed the kindred nature of Italian futurism and fascism.

WORKS

Les Mots en liberte futuristes. Milan, 1919.
Teatro, vols. 1-3. Rome [I960].
Teoria e invenzione futurista .… [Verona] 1968.
In Russian translation:
Futurizm. [St. Petersburg, 1914.]
Manifesty ital’ianskogo futurizma. Moscow, 1914.

REFERENCES

Lunacharskii, A. V. “Futuristy: Sverkhskul’ptor i sverkhpoet.” Sobr. soch. v 8 tomakh, vol. 5. Moscow, 1965.
Altomarre, L. Incontri con Marinetti e il futurismo. Rome [1954].

Z. M. POTAPOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
7) Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, "We Renounce Our Symbolist Masters, the Last of All Lovers of the Moonlight.
The War Diaries of Filippo Tommaso Marinetti and Ernst Junger.
Filippo Tommaso Marinetti launched Futurism in Italy in 1909 with his Founding Manifesto calling for a break with the past and an artistic invigoration based on the energy of factories, ships, aeroplanes and cars.
De Maria, Luciano, 1968: XXXXXXI), provisto de una ideologia global, que habra de sustentarse en la afinidad de sus componentes y en la figura de Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, sobre todo en el periodo que abarca aproximadamente de 1909 a 1920.
While the name of Filippo Tommaso Marinetti is indissolubly tied with futurism, the movement which he founded in 1909 and of which he remained the undisputed leader, theorist and impresario until his death in 1944, his pre-futurist poetic production in French has also been the object of a certain amount of critical attention since the beginning of the renaissance of futurist studies in the late 1960s.
Si bien Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (1876-1944), Francesco Balilla Pratella (1880-1955) y Luigi Russolo (1885-1947), constituyen los primeros antecedentes de una ampliacion radical en la concepcion del arte musical, alla en los inicios del siglo pasado, es con el frances Pierre Schaffer (1910) con quien da comienzo una expansion mas, una renovacion de las filosofias esteticas de la musica actual.
And she was also an internationalist, a fashion designer, a creator of lampshades, a collector of Bowery detritus and trash, a constructor of "objects" from such trash, a playwright, a composer of manifestoes, a satirist, a writer on sex and its discontents and a survivor of two husbands (one was the poet-boxer Arthur Craven) and such lovers as the Futurist Filippo Tommaso Marinetti.
The Milanese poet, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, published his Futurist Manifesto on February 20th, 1909, a hymn to speed which professed faith in the modern machine age while all previous art was declared dead.
The intellectual cultural heroes who break with the certainties of nineteenth-century positivism are inevitably Friedrich Nietzsche, Henri Bergson, and Filippo Tommaso Marinetti.
20, 1909, when the Paris newspaper Le Figaro published a manifesto by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, who coined the name.
A radical movement in literature and art initiated in 1909 by the Italian poet and novelist Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (1876 - 1944).
The Futurist Synthesis of War, signed by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Umberto Boccioni, Carlo Carra, Luigi Russolo and Ugo Piatti, is the first manifesto of the group to appear as a tavola parolibera (free-word table), such as those that Marinetti had collected in his volume of the same year, Zang Tumb Tuuum.